- Soil selection
- Types of soil for Achatina
- Terrarium houses for Achatina
- Terrarium Wall Decoration
- Plants for terrarium with Achatina
The arrangement of a terrarium for snails is, first of all, the reconstruction of conditions close to those in which they live in their natural environment. African snails are big lovers of digging into the ground and sleeping there from several hours to several days. Therefore, the soil must be of high quality. And its layer is optimal so that the mollusk can completely hide in it.
In nature, Achatina practice resting and hiding under snags and in the winding branches of shrubs. In an artificial dwelling, it is necessary to build similar shelters for pets. In addition, at home, a pet house should not spoil the interior of the apartment, but, on the contrary, decorate it. Therefore, you should consider how to design a terrarium for Achatina snails so that its appearance is aesthetic.
Soil performs certain functions. Based on them, it should be determined which and how to choose the soil in the terrarium. In terms of quality, it must meet its purpose:
- Achatina sleep in the soil, lay eggs, break it in search of food;
- the soil is saturated with moisture and retains it, which helps to maintain a constant level of humidity;
- if the animal falls off the wall of the artificial dwelling and falls to the bottom, the soil will soften the fall;
- live vegetation is planted in the ground.
The substrate must be constantly moistened, the soil should be loosened regularly. In addition, it should be safe for mollusks. without fertilizers and parasites.
In African snails, due to the rapid metabolism inherent in them, the soil quickly gets dirty with waste products. Therefore, it is important that you change it quickly and easily. Experienced water managers know life hack:
- A plastic bag with a bottom equal to or slightly larger than the bottom of the terrarium is taken.
- The bottom is cut from the package with "sides".
- The bag is placed at the bottom of the terrarium, and soil is poured into it.
- The edges can be masked with scabs, dry foliage and moss.
Thus, to clean the terrarium for Achatina. you just need to remove the bag with soil, and replace the entire structure with a new and clean one.
Types of soil for Achatina
Coconut soil. optimal for shellfish. It is commercially available in the form of briquettes: the dried bar is soaked and converted into soil. This substrate does not stain the walls, retains moisture for a long time, and mold does not start on it. But food for Achatina should not be placed on it. When using this type of substrate, food should be put in a feeder or on a lettuce leaf.
Sphagnum (one of the types of marsh mosses). also suitable for Achatina. It not only retains moisture, but also plays the role of a barometer in the terrarium.
- If the sphagnum begins to dry, this means that the necessary humidity level has decreased in the terrarium.
- If it turns green. everything is in order.
Moss does not need to be changed often, like other types of soil, and it looks aesthetically pleasing. The only “but”. the moss is not suitable for small Achatina, such a terrarium. for a large snail. Small individuals simply will not be able to bury themselves in such a litter.
Sand. snail keepers (Eng. "Keep". "contain") do not like. On the one hand, these are African snails, sand is their habitat. On the other hand, sand does not hold moisture, sticks to the body and shell of the cochlea, and even scratches the walls of the terrarium. In addition, grains of sand clog the digestive system of the mollusk, which can lead to early death of the pet.
Sawdust. Undesirable soil, since they practically do not absorb moisture, which is why they begin to stick together and rot. Their sharp edges can injure the body of Achatina. Breeders know. if the snail is kept on sawdust for a long time, its shell will be covered with white indelible plaque.
Categorically it is impossible to keep Achatina on a rocky bottom. it is impossible to dig into gravel. And the snail can break the shell, breaking from the wall to the bottom.
Terrarium houses for Achatina
All snails are nocturnal animals. In the daytime, they rest in shelters. Therefore, in artificial conditions of detention Achatina requires a house. They can serve:
- half coconut shell;
- tree bark;
- scab or woven branches;
- in extreme cases. a small ceramic flower pot (you should put wet moss in such a house).
If the snail has nowhere to rest without prying eyes, the mollusk will experience stress. The pet will stop eating, and may fall into a state of suspended animation.
Terrarium Wall Decoration
An option for fans of needlework. stick moss, twigs, pieces of wood bark on a cardboard with silicone glue. You can take a cork or bamboo panel. Materials for the back wall need natural, because African snails are part of wildlife.
Plants for terrarium with Achatina
It is better to place living plants in the terrarium. But artificial are also acceptable. In terms of plants, it must be borne in mind that the African snail is a land animal. Therefore, with care, the plants planted in the snail house are very likely to be dug up and eaten. Option. install them in pots (to protect the roots from the teeth of snails). Or. around the plant to compact the soil with snags and bark.
- all types of fern and tradescantia, saxifrage. they are resistant to digging;
- cereals and lichen;
- sprouts of rice, sprouted mustard;
- vegetation with thorns;
- poisonous vegetation. dieffenbachia, ivy, aloe;
- xerophytic plants (wormwood seedlings, feather grass).
For any animal, it is always better if the domestic conditions of detention are close to the conditions of its natural environment. Therefore, it is necessary to equip a terrarium for Achatina on the basis of these considerations. Remember, taking snails home is about being prepared to take care of them properly, as their life spans are quite long.