Bearded agama. One of the most popular lizards that lovers of exotic animals plant in their terrariums. Country of Soviets will talk about the features of the content of these Australian lizards.
A bearded agama lives in dry forests and semi-deserts of central Australia. These lizards are quite large, they can reach a length of 40-55 cm. Their color can vary from gray and dark brown to brick or straw yellow.
The bearded agama got its name from the leathery outgrowths on the throat sac.. In case of danger or during the breeding season, these outgrowths swell, resembling a beard. Males have a “beard” of black or dark brown color, females have a pale orange or beige.
Bearded agama. a thermophilic lizard leading a daytime lifestyle. If the ambient temperature is too low or too high, a bearded agama is buried in the sand and falls into suspended animation.
What you should know if you are going to keep an agama at home? First, note that the bearded agama is a rather large lizard; for a comfortable stay, it needs about 80 liters of terrarium volume. The area of the terrarium is more important than the height, and should be about 0.4-0.6 sq.m. per adult. Ideally, you need a horizontal terrarium whose height is approximately equal to its width. The optimal size of the terrarium is 60x40x40 cm for 2 newborn lizards, 90x60x60 cm for two teenagers (up to 25 cm long) and 120x60x60 for two adult lizards.
Optimal temperature in the terrarium during the day. 26-30 ° C (plus local heating up to 35-43 ° C), at night. at least 16 ° C. For heating, you can use incandescent lamps, infrared lamps, thermal mats and ceramic heat elements. It is desirable that the heating be uneven, and your bearded agama could move around the terrarium, choosing the optimal temperature by itself.
Be sure to place stones, driftwood or branches in the terrarium, on which the bearded agama will be able to climb to warm up, as well as establish its position in the hierarchy (in the agam, the dominant individuals try to climb as high as possible). You can additionally mount a shelter, but in such a way that feed insects could not hide in its cracks.
In summer, daylight hours for agam should be 14 hours., in spring and autumn. 10 hours, in winter. 8 hours. But if you do not plan to receive offspring from your pets, it is entirely possible to maintain a 14-hour daylight all year.
Like all desert reptiles, bearded agama needs ultraviolet radiation, therefore, a UV lamp should be installed in the terrarium. In the warm season, you can make a lizard in direct sunlight, but it is important not to overdo it in order to prevent overheating.
Pure sand or vermiculite can be used as a mat for adult agamas.. While the lizard is young and has not reached a length of 30 cm, newsprint is used instead of sand: young agamas can swallow sand with food, and this leads to digestive problems. It is necessary to ensure that the litter is clean, and daily to remove feces and leftover feed.
Bearded agama needs a drinker with fresh water. Every day you need to wash the drinker and change the water. Adult agam need bathe in warm water or spray every three days, adolescents from 3 to 9 months old. every other day, and young animals up to 3 months old. every day. Note that young lizards may not be able to drink, so you need to teach them to drink when swimming.
The bearded agama is an omnivorous lizard, it can eat both plant foods (grass, flowers, fruits) and animal (insects and even small vertebrates). 85% of their diet consists of plant foods, 15% of animals. Every morning, give the agama plenty of vegetables, fruits, and herbs. You can give salad, carrots (root vegetables and tops), pumpkin, apples, cabbage, dandelion leaves, grass of wild cereals. Spinach and zucchini is undesirable.
Animal food (insects) is given twice a week. Most preferably, crickets can also be given zofobas, flour worms, locusts or cockroaches, but not too often. Together with insects, calcium supplements can be given (without phosphorus, but with vitamin D3), 1-2 times a week. vitamin supplements with beta-carotene instead of vitamin A. Young lizards under one year old are given a little more animal food than adults.
The bearded agama is a rather simple lizard in its content, but beginners are not recommended to start young agamis under the age of 3 months, it is better to acquire an adult to avoid possible problems.