The dimensions of the terrarium for small snakes (dairy, king snakes or snakes) or young snakes should be about 80x55x55 cm (you can use smaller terrariums. But you must remember that as reptiles grow, housing needs to be increased). For large species of snakes, the terrarium should be at least 110x60x60 cm. A small pool should be placed inside the terrarium.
For good air ventilation, it would be ideal if the ceiling and parts of the walls (at different heights) would be wire or contain holes. Maintaining the right temperature is very important for snakes, the ideal built-in ceiling (upper heating) or floor heating will help you with this. Lighting is also an important condition for keeping snakes, so it is necessary to equip your terrarium with fluorescent lamps. Do not forget about the tank with warm and fresh water for drinking and bathing (pool). For the subsequent arrangement of the terrarium, you must take into account the living conditions of the species of snake you have chosen. For example, tree snakes need a high terrarium with a large number of branches and tree fragments, on which snakes will climb. If you have chosen snakes digging in the ground, gravel with sharp edges cannot be used. It is important that there is a place in the terrarium where your pet could hide, so plants and roots should be placed in the terrarium.
- It must be remembered that in the terrarium there should always be a warm corner in which the upper or lower heating is located, and a cold corner, where the pool and water are, where the snake can cool.
It is important to know the temperature "addictions" of the selected type of snake: snakes of moderate and subtropical latitudes prefer daytime temperatures of 25-30 degrees Celsius, tropical snakes 27-35 degrees, at night several (on average 4-5) degrees cooler. In order to comply with the temperature regime, a thermostat is required. This device automatically adjusts the day and night temperature (which you set). With the help of a thermostat, you can create the microclimate necessary for your reptile). Thermometer. is an equally important attribute of your terrarium. (there are 2 types of thermometers electronic and alcohol), electronic is more expensive. but also more reliable and accurate. A thermometer (or sensor of an electronic thermometer) is installed on the rear wall of the terrarium, right in the center of the wall. In order that you can always know the average temperature in the terrarium, you can use several thermometers to know the temperature in the warm and cold corner of the terrarium (this is in urgent need).
- For snakes from subtropical and tropical climates, you need to use hygrometers, since humidity for such reptiles is a vital factor.
In addition to the main function, shelters in terrariums can be used as original fixing devices. For this purpose, shelters are made in the form of drawers attached to the terrarium with an entrance that is closed by a movable gate. Thanks to this, you can simply isolate the snake in this shelter for the duration of the harvest (this applies to aggressive species of snakes). The efficiency of these cameras can be improved by using incandescent bulbs built into them. The lamps make it possible to regulate the behavior of the snake in the following way: when the light is extinguished in the shelter, the snake will rush there from the brightly lit territory of the terrarium, and the light included in the shelter will make the snake quickly leave it.
- In terrariums, where large snakes are kept, do not plant greenery, as animals will break and crush any kind of vegetation.
In the terrariums for boas, water is mandatory. It can be pools (bowls or basins with water) or drinking bowls of any shape and size. Particular attention should be paid to creating pools for large snakes that lead a semi-aquatic lifestyle, such as anacondas. The fact is that the inlet and outlet of the water should be done in such a way that when replacing the water, the snake should not be removed from the terrarium, since the weight and volume of the snakes can be more than impressive (we are talking about anacondas, net pythons).
Snakes need shelters, especially during adaptation to captivity. You can use a variety of shelters, including a “humidity chamber”.