- Florarium and terrarium: similarities and differences
- DIY Florarium: a step-by-step workshop
- What plants can be planted in terrariums and florariums?
- Decoration elements for plant terrariums
Florarium and terrarium: similarities and differences
Terrarium or florarium is a small container made of glass or transparent plastic, inside which is a composition of plants and decoration elements: stones, shells, colored soil, suitable for the theme of the figures. Initially, succulents were used to create home greenhouses, but now the range of possibilities is much wider, even capricious violets can become an element of phytodesign.
The main difference of the florarium is the presence of a narrowed hole on the top or side of the vessel, which allows you to create a special microclimate in which you can grow even exotic representatives of the flora of the tropical Amazonian jungle. Often this hole is covered with a lid, but in this case regular ventilation is necessary, otherwise moisture will accumulate on the walls of the vessel, which will prevent you from admiring the beauty of a miniature corner of nature. Indoor florarium with a stable level of humidity and temperature conditions allows you to grow even very fastidious plants.
Thus, to create a terrarium, small aquariums of 20. 25 liters, glass bowls and even just transparent mugs or large glasses are suitable. In order to make home gardens you can purchase special vessels or use cans, flasks and other laboratory glass containers, bottles of unusual shapes.
DIY Florarium: a step-by-step workshop
Mini-greenhouses look stylish and expensive, and you can create them yourself. Often, flower growers prefer to make all flower arrangements on their own, but the creation of terrariums has a number of features, so we will consider this process step by step, paying special attention to the technical features of the formation of the microclimate.
- glass vessels of various shapes;
- pebbles, charcoal, soil with sand;
- additional decorations.
Small stones rounded by sea waves are poured at the bottom of the tank, followed by a layer of charcoal to prevent the development of mold and bacteria, the work is completed by adding soil. If the neck is narrow, in order to avoid the ingress of contaminating particles onto the walls of the vessel, you can roll up a tube from paper and lower it into a container so that a couple of centimeters remain to the bottom. Fill all the layers very carefully through this tube and funnel.
The soil must be watered, after which it is possible to start planting the roots of which are thoroughly cleaned from the ground. If the florarium is created in a bottle with a narrow neck, you can use tweezers, plastic spoons or forks whose handles are elongated (for example, with sushi sticks or pencils).
The soil remaining open after planting is covered with sand, pebbles or planted with moss, in the latter case, you need to put a special mixture for mosses that grow better on acidic soils. Only at the very end of the work you need to move on to decorating.
Of course, it’s easier to create a garden on your own, which can be put on window sills, open shelves, dressers or coffee tables, but if you can, you can also install a wall-mounted vegetable terrarium.
What plants can be planted in terrariums and florariums?
- you need to plant small plants that grow slowly. Their maximum size should not exceed 20 centimeters;
- Choose bright and stylish representatives of the plant world, perhaps even exotic flowers;
- dimensions should be proportional to the capacity in which they are placed;
- plants with the same growing conditions and close requirements for care, lighting, moistening, and soil are planted in one vessel: all parameters of the neighbors in the terrarium should coincide.
Florariums are divided into 2 main types: desert-mountain and tropical. Therefore, before planting, you need to take into account the features of the created mini-garden: either moisture-loving with increased requirements for soil and air humidity, or succulents and cacti, accustomed to an arid desert climate and not requiring complex and painstaking care.
- ferns. They look great both as an independent decoration, and together with decorative mosses, and as a background for main plants;
- mosses. They are often used to solve two problems: creating a background and covering the ground, which does not look natural and organic in all terrariums, especially forest and tropical ones;
- selaginella. Only in the microclimate of florariums can this amazing representative of the ancient flora feel truly comfortable;
- orchids. The most common types of these flowers grow well in ordinary room conditions. rare and very moody species will please flower growers only in special orchidariums. They create all the necessary conditions for controlling humidity and temperature. Only very experienced florists and phytodesigners can combine them with other plants. But even a lonely flower in a glass vessel looks very elegant;
- violets. The humid conditions of the terrariums stimulate abundant flowering of this little green decoration.
- cyclamens. Mini varieties of this flower open up new opportunities for phytodesign. The microclimate of the closed gardens allows them to bloom for almost a year, which really transforms the whole composition, adding bright and vibrant colors to it.
- cacti. Well-chosen decorative elements and neighboring succulents reveal, it would seem, familiar cacti in a completely different light: as the wild inhabitants of the Mexican deserts or as a valuable decoration of any decorative florarium.
- stone rose or younger. The beautiful decoration of the rocky sections of the garden looks no less impressive in dry compositions. A game of shades and dense leaves resembling beautiful flowers turn these succulents into a charming highlight of any deserted home landscape.
- echeveria. It has the same unusual shape as the young, but is much more rich in various colors, which will give the florarium charm and originality.
- ragwort. One of its varieties, Senezio Rowley, will help create a truly unusual composition. It looks like long threads hung with large green beads.
- malefora. Not too popular indoor plant has gained fame precisely because of its ability to bloom almost year-round in dry florariums.
- haworthia. Small plants with juicy green leaves and colorful mottled little prickly rosettes are a real find for desert terrariums. They look advantageous both in splendid isolation, and in combination with other succulents.
- Money Tree. Classic small fat women are just as good at phytodesign as any other succulents. They look especially interesting in geometric florariums.
Decoration elements for plant terrariums
The choice of jewelry for florarium depends on its subject. If in tropical gardens stones of unusual shapes, figurines of exotic animals, sand of the color of sea waves to imitate the Amazon delta or the azure coast of the distant southern islands are appropriate, then in mini deserts shells, figurines of inhabitants of arid places, large pebbles, small toy cars and etc.
- dried flowers;
- decorative stones;
- colored sand;
- figurines or toys appropriate to the theme;
- small snags of unusual shape.
Even the vessel for the florarium itself can become an excellent decorative solution, complementing the pre-selected topics. In matters of decoration, everything is decided by the imagination of the author: someone may prefer minimalism and completely abandon additional elements of decor, while someone will make stairs, tiny buildings or imitate a beautiful waterfall hidden in the jungle.
Photos of unusual design options for florariums
Creating wildlife home corners is a fairly simple affair. Only irrepressible imagination and sense of proportion are needed. A step-by-step instruction for the manufacture of a florarium with your own hands will provide invaluable assistance only during the preparatory work. Decorating with plants and additional elements is a purely creative process, which can result in an extraordinary piece of furniture.