- Necessary tools
- Terrarium manufacturing steps
- Features of the arrangement of terrariums depending on their purpose
- Features of the manufacture of decorative terrarium
Plexiglas is the most suitable material for a terrarium
The most suitable and affordable materials for creating terrariums are silicate and organic glass.
- It is more difficult to break it than ordinary silicate;
- Capacities made of plexiglas, well accumulate heat and are reluctant to give it to the surrounding space;
- Its fragments rarely form sharp edges, which can be cut;
- Plexiglass is easier to process and fasten.
Plexiglas have fewer shortcomings than advantages, but each of them can become critical for a terrarium.
- Plexiglass is easy to scratch. Therefore, it can only be washed with a soft sponge or gauze;
- The surface of plexiglas becomes cloudy over time and begins to turn yellow;
- Ultraviolet rays are harmful to plexiglass.
Thus, plexiglass is a good material for terrariums, whose inhabitants can not scratch the walls. It can be spiders, snakes, achatines. For the manufacture of terrariums in which animals with sharp claws (lizards or turtles) will live, you should choose a different material.
In addition to plexiglass itself, you will need plastic corners and a metal mesh for ventilation. For the manufacture of doors, two types of E plastic profiles are needed. The top profile should be 2 times deeper than the bottom. The size of both profiles corresponds to the thickness of the material for the doors.
In order to choose the right plexiglass for the terrarium, you need to know that it is of two types. injection and extrusion. Injection is more expensive, but devoid of most of the above disadvantages. It is stronger than extrusion, less cloudy. Some brands pass UV rays well and do not collapse under their influence. Therefore, it is worth choosing those brands of injection plexiglas that are characterized by strength, preservation of transparency and do not restrain UV rays. Sheet thickness should not be less than 5 mm.
The glue must meet two characteristics:
- To be harmless to living organisms, not to emit chemicals when in contact with litter, water or excrement;
- Be durable and water resistant.
In practice, any silicone sealant for gluing terrariums or aquariums meets these conditions.
When working with such sealants, care must be taken, since drops that have solidified on the material are difficult to clean.
To create a glass terrarium, you will need the most common tools.
- Glass cutter;
- Sharpening stone fine-grained or sandpaper;
- Glass marker;
- Sharp knife;
- Heavy rectangular object;
- Duct tape;
- Sharp scissors.
You must also take at least two rags: one to wipe the glass, the other to other surfaces and hands.
Terrarium manufacturing steps
To begin the manufacture of the terrarium should be from the drawing. On a sheet of paper or using a computer program, you need to draw each side of the box with the dimensions, as well as a general view of the assembled form, with the marking of the sides. Sizes can be taken ready-made, recommended for the maintenance of the future pet, or you can calculate it yourself, based on the content standards and conditions of a particular apartment.
Then, using a ruler and a marker, they draw out the details and cut them out. If there must be a hole in the part, it is drilled before gluing begins. The edges of the glass parts are treated with a grindstone or sandpaper. In order to avoid glass dust, this is done under a stream of running water from the tap. After that, the parts are dried and degreased with gluing places with acetone.
The parts are joined with glue. It is applied to fat-free edges, after which the parts are pressed against each other and fixed. This is easiest to do with tape and a heavy rectangular object.
Connection of terrarium parts
Excess glue is not erased. it is carefully cut off after the parts have completely dried. Glued surfaces are not recommended to be pressed against each other closely, between them there should be a layer of glue in 1-2 mm.
In this way, a box with a built-in fence-ventilation is assembled and proceed to the manufacture of doors. To do this, a deep profile is glued to the ceiling below
Gluing deep dip
A shallow profile is applied to the upper part of the front corner of the ventilation fence.
Small profile gluing
Doors are inserted into the grooves of the profiles. The result is such a design.
Production of fence-ventilation
This design uses flow ventilation. The principle of operation is that the air enters one hole and leaves the other, thus creating a constant current. It is very simple to arrange flow ventilation, and in terms of efficiency it exceeds ventilation through an open cover. But there are two points that must be observed.
- The air inlet is located below. The outlet should be 1.5–2 times larger and be on top. It is optimal to place it near a heat source;
- Holes cannot be placed so that they are opposite to each other, otherwise the air flow will create a draft, harmful to most insects and reptiles. The most correct option. the inlet is located on the side wall from below, according to the ground level, and the outlet is on the opposite wall at the very top.
Instead of one large one, you can make several small holes. An aluminum mesh is best suited for their closure. Plastic and synthetic are fragile, iron rusts under the influence of moisture.
Via flow ventilation, humidity can also be controlled. To reduce humidity, it will be enough to increase the number or total density of ventilation openings, to increase. reduce.
To create a ventilation fence, it is necessary to cut two additional parts. a strip under the doors and a rectangular ventilation panel.
Strip under the doors of the terrarium
They are glued at the stage when the structure has only a bottom, a back and a side wall.
Two walls are already there
Then paste the second wall. Using corners and glue, a metal mesh is attached to the upper parts of the ventilation parts.
Metal mesh installation
After that, they proceed to the manufacture of the roof. Both parts are glued to the resulting frame, between which, with the help of corners and glue, a grid is fixed for the outlet.
The design is left for a day to dry, then the edges of both holes are strengthened with glass strips.
Glass strip reinforcement
Making a terrarium cover
Often a terrarium is made without doors, but with a removable lid. The advantages of this design are that cartridges for heating lamps and fixtures for appliances, as well as fans for forced ventilation, are built into the lid.
Forced ventilation is used in large structures. Ventilation is carried out using two fans. The first contributes to the influx of fresh air from the outside, the second. mixes it inside the structure. For the terrarium, any brands that combine small sizes and low noise levels, for example, cooling fans for system units, are suitable.
A good material for the lid is foamed PVC, another non-toxic plastic is suitable.
The height of the lid is selected with the calculation of the equipment that will be attached from below, length and width. to the dimensions of the terrarium with an increase in the thickness of the material. Details are cut and glued in the same way as the glass parts of the terrarium. In the finished cover, holes are made for the wires and a hatch is cut out. After that, the lamps are built in. The wires must be carefully insulated, glued to the cartridges on a piece of plastic so that there is a gap between the heating elements and the cover.
Features of the arrangement of terrariums depending on their purpose
Closed terrariums are better suited for turtles
Turtles do not tolerate the microclimate of the average Russian apartment. Therefore, open terrariums are not suitable for them. it is difficult to maintain the necessary temperature and humidity in them. Good conditions can only be created for a turtle in a closed terrarium.
The dimensions of the minimum terrarium for the turtle are calculated as follows. The length will be equal to the length of the turtle multiplied by 5, and the width will be equal to the width of the turtle multiplied by the same value. Turtles do not need a large height, terrariums, even for large individuals, are impractical to do above 50 cm.
When choosing a material for the walls, it must be taken into account that turtles do not always adequately perceive transparent barriers and can beat against them for a long time. Therefore, opaque materials are preferred. To improve inspection, the front wall can be made of glass. Plexiglass is not recommended, as turtles can scratch it with its claws.
Turtles need very good ventilation, so the top, through the lid, is not suitable. Need flowing.
The temperature in the place of keeping the turtle should not fall below 22 C. Therefore, heating is required. Thermal mats and similar devices for lower heating are not used, since the heat flows coming from below can cause kidney diseases. Heating should be top. To do this, you can use a conventional 60 W incandescent lamp or an ultraviolet lamp. These reptiles like the most uneven heating, when half for wakefulness and food intake is warmer, and half for sleep is colder, so the lamps are located near one of the walls.
The choice of a terrarium for a lizard depends on its type
The form of the terrarium for lizards is chosen depending on their species. Arboreal need a vertical terrarium, in which the height will be at least twice the width, terrestrial. on the contrary.
For small lizards, especially those who like to climb, one of the side walls can be made of metal mesh. The diameter of the cells should be such that the reptile could not get out, but freely clung to the paws. From the same mesh, you can make a cover. Such designs are suitable for keeping reptiles, the optimum temperature for which is not too different from room temperature.
However, mesh walls are not suitable for keeping iguanas and chameleons. The room air is too dry and cold for them. In order to maintain the microclimate necessary for these reptiles, the walls are made of plywood, organic or silicate glass.
Iguanas are kept in horizontal terrariums. For one adult reptile older than one and a half years, the sizes should be as follows: 200x200x125 cm. When kept in smaller rooms, iguanas lose their appetite, move little and lose their resistance to disease.
Small terrariums are also not suitable for keeping agamas, the minimum volume for keeping an adult is 200 liters. Must have a built-in ultraviolet lamp. Stones with a heating element inside are not suitable for heating; you need to take a lamp for a terrarium or an ordinary incandescent lamp. Agamas do not like humidity and cold, so you need to equip the terrarium with a thermometer and a hygrometer.
For spiders and snails, horizontal terrariums are suitable without doors, but with removable covers.
The tarantula does not need a large space
Tarantulas are capricious in content, any deviations from the required humidity and temperature in the terrarium can cause their illnesses. They do not tolerate drafts or stagnant air. Therefore, it is best to equip the terrarium with a heater with automatic temperature control and a hygrometer.
Large volumes of tarantulas are not needed, in nature they spend their whole life in shelters. The minimum bottom area is equal to the span of the legs of the spider multiplied by 2.
Achatina need a house with a large bottom area
For Achatina, rectangular terrariums with a large bottom area are needed. A large supply of oxygen to these snails is not needed. For ventilation, a flow system is used, the places of air inlet and outlet are rows of holes 3-4 mm in diameter.
Features of the manufacture of decorative terrarium
Either a teapot, or a terrarium
Terrariums serve not only for the maintenance of reptiles and insects. Decorative terrariums can contain only plants and decor elements. For their manufacture take any glass container, preference is given to non-standard items. The video explains how to make a mini-terrarium with backlight from an incandescent lamp.