Only a small number of species of land turtles can be periodically kept in an open enclosure. All other species must be kept year-round, or at least predominantly kept in a room terrarium.
Since these animals require large spaces, only small species can be kept in glass terrariums on silicone glue with rigid reinforcement. Should always be preferred elongated terrariums, to provide animals with a large space for movement.
Height terrarium plays only a secondary role, however, it should be at least such that the turtle could not get out on the side wall. The most reliable is a solid and open structure only from above, since it provides a sufficient supply of fresh air and prevents the soil from getting wet. In this case, you should pay attention to the fact that the terrarium has access to cold air.
Terrariums are best heated from below To do this, an electric stove or plate is installed under one part of the floor, giving a not very high heating of the floor surface. Since only one part of the soil is heated, the desired temperature difference is maintained, so that land turtles can choose the temperature regime that suits them at the moment. These open terrariums are illuminated from above by suspended special emitters, which are also used in aquariums. Although they are not cheap, they are beautiful, so that they can be installed in the room.
It is much more difficult to equip a room or part of a room under terrarium. Heat regulation is carried out by means of professionally performed floor heating, which at the same time should not equally heat the entire floor area. Good ventilation (especially of unheated parts) is also very important, since a land tortoise can easily catch a cold on a cold stone floor. Before colonizing any terrarium with animals, the temperature regime and other climatic factors should be carefully monitored.
At terrarium equipment usually begin with the installation of rocks or the installation of stone slabs, which are laid directly on the floor and must be rigidly fixed on it, so that they can neither be tumbled down nor buried. It is more difficult to equip the landscape with climbing crevices necessary for the turtles living in the rocks (Malacocherus tornieri), and the South African representatives of the genus of the Homopus turtles. For these varieties, several stone slabs should be firmly mounted at different distances at the back and side walls, allowing animals to dig holes and climb. For these species, most of the surface of the terrarium is reserved for crawling.
Terrariums open on top have recommended themselves well for terrestrial tortoises, provided that the animals do not require high humidity.
For many land turtles, not too fine-grained sand or a substrate with a high sand content is best suited as soil. In the terrarium you can build a "treadmill". here the soil is rammed. In other places, the soil loosens so that animals can dig. For species of different forest humid regions, a layer of humus is used (for example, from a flower bed or something similar) and covered with a thick layer of foliage or shredded bark, then several shelters and shelters are equipped in the terrarium. If several turtles are kept in one terrarium, then there should be several sunny places in it. There must also be a feeding place where animals receive food and a bowl of drinking water. The terrarium pool should not be made deep and with shallow shores.
Plants turtles are regarded as food. Therefore, in terrariums it is very difficult to arrange decorative vegetation. A variety of succulents are suitable for dry terrariums, and it is necessary to abandon expensive and poisonous species, since there is always a chance that they will be eaten.