Recently, more and more fans refuse to use artificial plants in their terrariums in favor of the living. Of course, plastic duplicates have many advantages. they do not require care, are not damaged by animals, they are easy to rinse and disinfect. They have only one drawback. containers designed by them as two drops of water are similar to each other. plastic is plastic. And terrarium seekers of individuality are happy to change them for real bromeliads and ficuses, arrowroots and philodendrons. But using living plants in a community with animals is quite difficult. This is especially true for ground cover species, which grow on various objects, and especially at the bottom of the terrarium, create the main decorative background. We will try to give some recommendations for growing these very plants.
Saxifraga or saxifraga wattled (Saxifraga stolonifera). This plant with rounded dark green pubescent leaves collected in a rounded rosette is well known to all flower growers. Leaf length about 5-7 cm, petiole approximately equal to it, elastic. The plant forms a large number of side shoots, at the ends of which daughter sockets develop. In the terrarium it grows rapidly, forming a loose turf up to 15 cm high. Moisturizing, shade-tolerant. It is steady against trampling by animals and to acidification of soil. It can be used in terrariums with amphibians, small and medium lizards, small snakes. The composition of the land mixture for saxifrage is not of particular importance, but it is desirable that it be sufficiently loose and water-intensive.
White arrowroot (Maranta leuconeura var. Erythroneura) often used for decoration thanks to its painted tricolor leaves. Due to its relatively large size (a leaf up to 15 cm long), it can be grown as a groundcover only in spacious terrariums with a large bottom area. To create a turf, the shoots of arrowroot need to be periodically pressed, pinned to the ground to root them, otherwise they rise up. The plant is as beautiful as it is demanding on the conditions of detention. Soil (its layer is desirable at least 10 cm) must be loose, moisture-intensive and nutritious. Usually it is made up of a mixture of sheet earth, peat, sand, perlite and small expanded clay (to prevent acidification) in the proportions of 2: 2: 1: 1: 1. The arrowroot is shade-tolerant, heat and moisture-loving, grows best at a temperature of 22-25C and a humidity of about 85%. Resistant to trampling. Suitable for decoration terrariums with amphibians and small snakes. Crickets and other food insects severely damage the arrowroot. For terrariums with domestic lizards of the genus Lacerta (and other, similar species) it is convenient to use various species and garden forms of ivy (genus Hedera). As with the arrowroot, its shoots must be pinned to the ground for rooting. The plant is unpretentious, shade-tolerant. Does not tolerate acidification of the soil. Watering is moderate. It can grow in clean, leafy soil, but it is better to prepare the mixture. sheet land, turf land, humus, sand (1: 1: 1: 1).
In terrariums with purely woody animals that practically do not descend to the ground, you can use traditional ground cover plants. various color forms of gelxins (Soleirolia soleirolii), crowds (Selaginella spp.), tradescantia (Tradescantia spp.). These plants form dense low curtains, eventually completely covering the bottom of the terrarium with a green carpet of various shades. But they have one unpleasant feature. gentle shoots and leaves. Even a small animal, having run along the bottom of the terrarium, will leave behind a well-marked path. Growth conditions: temperature. not lower than 15C, better 20-28C, soil sand, sheet land, peat (1: 1: 1), regular and plentiful watering, bright diffused light.