Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Contents

Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Soil for a land tortoise in a terrarium is the most important attribute responsible for hygiene, psychological comfort and reptile health. Consider the existing fillers and figure out which one is better.

Ground Functions and Features

In the wild, turtles dig soil to create shelters from frost or the scorching sun. Active work with the limbs supports muscle tone and prevents deformation. Also, the soil is needed for the proper development of the shell. Without proper load, the carapace is covered with tuberosity.

A good terrarium filler should be:

  • not dusty;
  • absorbent;
  • non toxic;
  • tight and heavy;
  • digestible (digestible).

Types of Fillers

The variety of offered fillers prevents the inexperienced owners from making the right choice, so we will consider the advantages and disadvantages of possible soil options.

Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Suitable for reptiles: tropical and other species living in a humid environment.

  • provides a humid microclimate;
  • aesthetics;
  • digestible;
  • allows you to bury;
  • absorbs and retains liquid;
  • leaves no dirt;
  • antibacteriality.
  • not suitable for grinding nails;
  • dusts and loses aesthetics when dried.

Recommendations for use:

  • choose sphagnum or Icelandic reindeer moss;
  • avoid dry moss intended for indoor plants;
  • moisten the moss to create the desired microflora.

Sand

Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Suitable for reptiles: desert.

  • cheapness;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • allows you to bury;
  • absorbs and retains fluid.
  • dusting;
  • not digested;
  • does not keep the shape of a hole and is warm;
  • provokes the appearance of bacteria in the presence of feces.

Usage tip:

  • sand for turtles should be well sanded and sieved;
  • do not use building sand;
  • protect the feeding area from sand;
  • choose quartz sand that has gone through additional processing;
  • Always spray sand to prevent dryness.
Read more:  How To Choose And Arrange A Terrarium For Achatina Snails

Land

Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Suitable for reptiles: tropical, steppe.

  • allows you to bury;
  • maintains the shape of a hole;
  • absorbs and retains fluid.
  • land from the forest is dangerous by insects living in it, and flower land may contain pesticides;
  • causes eye irritation;
  • stains the turtle and the walls of the terrarium;
  • not suitable for grinding nails;
  • does not give off heat.
  • for a Central Asian turtle, land mixed with sand is suitable;
  • in the absence of other types of fillers, fill the bottom with expanded clay;
  • Avoid ready mixes containing peat or harmful pesticides;
  • Be sure to sort the land taken from the forest and calcine it for half an hour.

Shell rock

Suitable for reptiles: desert, steppe.

  • an additional source of calcium;
  • allows you to bury;
  • retains body moisture;
  • can be reused;
  • aesthetics;
  • gives off heat;
  • lack of dust and dirt.
  • does not keep the shape of a hole;
  • not digested;
  • does not absorb liquids.

Pay attention to:

  • choose a rounded shell rock that is safe to swallow;
  • place the filler separately from the feeding area;
  • rinse and calcine for repeated use.

Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Suitable for reptiles: tropical.

  • absorbs and retains liquid;
  • provides a humid microclimate;
  • antibacteriality;
  • allows you to bury;
  • aesthetics.
  • not digested;
  • cannot be reused;
  • not suitable for grinding nails;
  • poorly absorbs and molds with excess moisture.

Recommendations for use:

  • Choose a large size that protects against swallowing;
  • use the bark of larch, a family of aspen, cork and citrus trees;
  • clean the bark from chips and soak in boiling water for a couple of hours to destroy forest pests.
Read more:  Plants For A Terrarium

Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Suitable for reptiles: steppe.

  • allows you to bury;
  • aesthetics;
  • lack of dust;
  • cheapness.
  • inferior to the cortex due to its smaller size, therefore, it often causes a blockage in the intestine;
  • not suitable for grinding nails;
  • absorbs poorly.
  • use only for temporary maintenance;
  • choose alder, beech or pear.

Corn soil

Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Suitable for reptiles: steppe.

  • absorbs and retains liquid;
  • lack of dust;
  • nice smell;
  • aesthetics.
  • not suitable for grinding nails;
  • May cause eye irritation.

IMPORTANT: Corn fill for turtles is only suitable for temporary maintenance.

Pebbles

Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Suitable for reptiles: steppe, mountain.

  • helps to grind claws;
  • gives off heat;
  • aesthetics;
  • can be reused;
  • leaves no dust.
  • heavy in care;
  • noise when digging;
  • not suitable for digging;
  • does not absorb liquids;
  • quickly gets dirty from stool.

Usage tip:

  • avoid sharp edges or too small stones;
  • rinse thoroughly and bake in the oven before use;
  • place in the feeding area.

Sawdust

Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Suitable for reptiles: desert, steppe, tropical.

  • digestible;
  • allows you to bury;
  • absorbs and retains fluid.
  • dusting;
  • not suitable for grinding nails.

What you should pay attention to:

  • use only for temporary maintenance;
  • do not require additional processing.

Coconut substrate

Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Suitable for reptiles: tropical.

  • can be reused;
  • antibacterial;
  • absorbs and retains liquid;
  • aesthetics.
  • swollen coconut fiber is not digested and leads to intestinal obstruction;
  • dusts without additional moisture;
  • not suitable for grinding nails.

Usage Tips:

  • for repeated use, rinse the filler through a sieve and dry in the oven;
  • Protect the feeding area with ceramic tiles.

Ground Turtle Terrarium Fillers

Suitable for reptiles: all species.

  • combines the functions of soil and food source;
  • allows you to bury;
  • aesthetics.
  • not suitable for grinding nails;
  • dusting;
  • poorly absorbs and molds with excess moisture.
Read more:  How To Equip A Terrarium For A Land Tortoise

Hay for turtles must be thoroughly cleaned of sticks and other sharp objects that can injure the reptile.

IMPORTANT! When choosing the soil, focus on the habitat of the pet. For the Central Asian tortoise, a filler for steppe species is suitable.

To summarize

Of the options considered, it would be better to use moss or pebbles as the only type of soil or choose one of the mixed options:

  • land bark / sand / moss;
  • hay bark / moss;
  • pebble chips.

The ban includes:

  • newsprint impregnated with toxic printing ink;
  • gravel with too sharp edges;
  • cat litter, causing intestinal blockage when swallowing granules;
  • pine or cedar bark containing volatile oils harmful to reptiles.

Regardless of the type of filler chosen, do not forget about cleaning it. Complete replacement of the soil is carried out 2-3 times a year, but the feces will have to be cleaned several times a week to avoid the development of pathogenic microflora.