The method of heating the terrarium is as important for the reptile as the maintained temperature. Veterinarians specializing in the treatment of reptiles, experienced breeders and researchers unanimously argue that light sources located on top are best suited for this purpose, rather than thermal stones or thermal mats. But how among the abundance of light bulbs to choose what is suitable for your reptile? Here are some suggestions.
Incandescent lamps. Any incandescent lamp can be used to heat the terrarium. The higher its power, the more heat it emits and the farther it should be located from the animal. Make sure that the bulb holder can withstand its power.
Lamps for reptiles. Special heating lamps for reptiles can also be used in the terrarium during the daytime, only they cost more than usual. Some have a coating that changes the color of the lamp. this affects the human perception of the color of the animal and the animal’s perception of its environment. It is important to note that neodymium lamps emit only diffused light, pleasant for sight. They Do not produce ultraviolet radiation.
Incandescent reflex lamps. These lamps have a reflective surface that emits light in a specific direction. powerful lamps are quite suitable for heating in the daytime, others can be used to illuminate the landscape.
Infrared lamps. For night illumination of the terrarium, you can not use bright light, otherwise there will be a failure in the sleep cycle of the animal. Sleep consists of various phases. bright light disrupts deep sleep, which ultimately can lead to chronic stress, impaired immunity, problematic behavior. Infrared lamps almost do not emit visible light and do not disturb animals.
There are mercury and metal-halogen lamps that produce both heat and ultraviolet. Unfortunately, they can be dangerous for reptiles, as their ultraviolet radiation is too intense. It is safer, albeit somewhat burdensome, to use separately in the terrarium heaters and a fluorescent lamp as a source of ultraviolet radiation, if you cannot provide your reptiles with access to direct sunlight.
Heat sources without lighting
Ceramic heaters. These appliances get very hot, but emit heat in a confined space. Such a 60-watt heater can heat an area of 20 cm in diameter, 100-watt. 25 cm, 150. 30 cm, 250 W. 35 cm. They are ineffective for heating a large terrarium. And for a small one they may turn out to be too strong, therefore, a rheostat may be required to reduce the power of the device. Turn on such a heater should be in a porcelain outlet, as the plastic can melt.
Heating pad. Heating pads designed for people can also be used to heat the terrarium. Placed under the bottom of the terrarium, they effectively warm reptiles at night and day. To control the temperature, use a thermometer. Such heating pads with several modes of operation are very convenient, they are easy to remove, wash and disinfect.
Heating pads for reptiles. These devices are more expensive and less convenient than household heating pads for people. If the heating pad is installed under the bottom of the terrarium, you can no longer remove it from there. Since they are fixed at the bottom of the terrarium, it must not be raised to use the dissipated heat.
Flexible heating tape. This equipment is used in greenhouses for heating seedlings and for pipe insulation. Its disadvantage is that improper installation can cause fire or smoke. Such cases are often observed even when the device is installed by qualified specialists.
Any white incandescent lamp can be used for heating and lighting the terrarium in the daytime. Special lamps for night reptiles and household lamps with red and green coatings will not disturb the sleep of daytime reptiles and ensure a comfortable nightlife. The only difference between household bulbs and those specifically designed for reptiles (other than the price) is that reptile bulbs do not produce a wavelength corresponding to yellow light. This affects the reptile’s perception of its environment. Such lamps do not produce ultraviolet radiation of spectrum "B", which is necessary for the proper development of animals.