EXO TERRA compact fluorescent light overview
In recent years, scientists have conducted many studies on reptiles and their ultraviolet needs. The Exo Terra team closely follows the latest scientific research, introducing them into their products. For example, 10 years ago we did not know such a wide variety of reptile species, now we even know about their physiology and behavior in their natural habitat, and we also successfully recreate these conditions when kept in captivity. To provide reptiles with lighting that meets their natural needs, Exo Terra has improved all lamp ranges and expanded its product range.
Exo Terra compact fluorescent tubes for E27 lampholders
Now Exo terra produces ultraviolet lamps under simpler names to understand:
Reptile UVB 100. improved range, Repti Glo 5.0 replacement
Reptile UVB 150. improved range, Repti Glo 10.0 replacement
Reptile UVB 200. A brand new product with a very high level of UV-B
Values of 100, 150, and 200 show the average UV-B at 10 cm from the lamp. The entire new line is designed to maximize the production of vitamin D3, thanks to a peak output of UVB rays in the range of 294 nm. The most active synthesis of vitamin D3 occurs precisely when a wave of a given length is irradiated!
The main useful feature of Exo terra fluorescent lamps is their ability to emit the required amount of UVB (spectrum B ultraviolet light), while household incandescent lamps emit only a small amount of UVA (spectrum A ultraviolet). It is physically impossible to combine the high intensity of UVB and visible light in one lamp. The more visible light in the spectrum of lamps, the less ultraviolet light, and vice versa. To maintain the declared values of ultraviolet radiation, it is recommended to use lamps with reflectors or special reflective coatings, such as Exo Terra Light Dome (PT2055), Exo Terra Glow Light (PT2054) or Compact Top.
Exo terra ultraviolet lamps are classified according to the percentage of UVB radiation. For animals living in the tropics and subtropics, the Exo Terra Reptile UVB 100 lamp is suitable, provided that it is installed correctly and works for a sufficient number of hours, for most reptile species 10-12 hours per day are sufficient. For residents of desert areas where the level of UVB radiation is high enough, it is necessary to install the Exo Terra Reptile UVB 150 lamp. If the distance from the animal to the lamp is more than 30 cm, we recommend installing the Exo Terra Reptile UVB 200 lamp.
Fluorescent lamps do not provide the necessary heating for animals. In addition to fluorescent lamps, a separate heat source, such as infrared or heating lamps, is required. It is recommended to combine Reptile UVB lamps with Natural Light or Reptile Vision lamps to achieve the best results in keeping and breeding exotic animals. The lamp base fits the standard E27 lampholder, which facilitates their use.
Exo Terra Visible Light Bulbs
Since people began to use artificial lighting everywhere, the characteristics of lamps have been developed taking into account human vision. The human eye has 3 types of mechanisms for perceiving light waves, while most reptiles have four, which allows them to see the waves of ultraviolet A (UVA). As a result, reptiles more likely perceive the world around them. Increased light perception plays an important role in the perception of the world around reptiles: food, finding water sources or finding a partner during mating games.
The prevailing trend associated with the creation of realistic and close to natural conditions in the terrarium makes the content of amphibians and reptiles more exciting and interesting than ever. Living tropical plants are increasingly becoming an element of terrarium decoration. For photosynthesis, plants need light with different wavelengths within the visible spectrum. Photosynthesis is a vital process in which plants use the energy of the sun. This energy is converted to sugar and starch. The process of photosynthesis depends on chlorophyll, a photosynthetic pigment that absorbs blue light with a wavelength of 430 nm, and red light with a wavelength of 662 nm. Green light is not absorbed, but reflected by chlorophyll. That is why all plants containing chlorophyll are green.
Reptiles also need high-quality lighting appropriate to their metabolic needs. Exo Terra Reptile Vision, Natural Light, and ExoTerra Repti Glo 2.0 (T8) are designed with the eye in mind. They are an excellent source of visible light when used in combination with Exo Terra Reptile UVB lamps.
Exo Terra has developed many lamps with a spectrum adapted at the same time to the vision of reptiles, human perception and a high growth rate of plants. In terms of visible light, fluorescent lamps are 6 times more efficient than household incandescent lamps. They practically do not heat up, and their spectrum is limited by wavelengths. By changing the composition of the phosphor inside the lamp, we can adjust these values. When these values correspond to the spectral sensitivity of a living organism, an ideal lamp is created for a given animal or plant.
To create lighting that is as close to natural as possible in reptile habitats, Exo Terra offers several specialized lamps. Exo Terra lamps are manufactured using unique technology in Japan and China under the supervision of Rolf C. Hagen, Inc. Technologically, the manufacturing processes are identical. The main raw materials for production in both countries, including the phosphor, are made in Japan.
In the Russian representative office of ExoTerra, we measured with a solar meter the level of UVB radiation from the lamps at a distance of 10 cm, 20 cm, 30 cm produced at a factory in China. The emission indicators of all lamps corresponded to those indicated on the package. When taking readings of radiation at an angle of 90 about, the level of ultra-violet radiation (UVB) appeared 30% higher from declared. It can be concluded that the animal can choose the optimal point for UVB irradiation depending on its needs, being located at different angles relative to the radiation source.
Lamp Exo Terra Reptile UVB150 25 W art. PT2189
(replacement Repti Glo 10.0 Compact Desert Terrarium Lamp, 26 W)
Lamp Exo Terra Reptile UVB100 13 W art. PT2186
(replacement Repti Glo 5.0 Compact tropical terrarium lamp, 13W)
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