They are an excellent soil for many amphibians and reptiles and tropical rain forests. They do not rot during prolonged exposure to water, do not require drainage, however, excess water should be provided for in the terrarium. To avoid the entry of soil into the stomach of animals, feed should be given in a feeder or with tweezers.
Paper. It is often consumed in laboratory animals, as well as in quarantine. Old newspapers, although they are often used as litter, are undesirable because of the toxicity of the printing ink. zeta are especially dangerous for amphibians. Paper needs to be replaced as it becomes dirty. To maintain humidity in the kyayaut terrarium, a sheet of paper or a foam sponge crumpled into a lump. It is better to use tumble towels: they are avapkmki and, having got wet, do not creep out. The disadvantage is the high price
rulichny parasites and sniffing invertebrates, the prepared soil must be filled with boiling water, acidified, calcined or placed in the microwave. Do not put loose soil immediately into the terrarium. It must first be cooled. As the soil is contaminated, it is replaced by an analogous one in composition and humidity. Only a completely clean terrarium guarantees the health of your pets for years to come.
In principle, terrarium animals do not care which plants, Khiva or artificial, decorate their terrarium or aquarium. They generally can do without them. What is bad for them is the presence of surfaces on which they can sit or under which they can sit. The main purpose of Khiva plants is to decorate the terrarium. In addition, they increase air humidity. The disadvantages of planted terrariums include the greater complexity of caring for them. Runaway food cockroaches and crickets can cause significant damage to the decorative garden, destroying the leaves and stems of plants.
In the case of laboratory animals, animals are often replaced with artificial, as well as various objects made of plastic, ceramics, or simply glued to the walls of the shelves on which wood animals can be placed.
But if you all hehe decided to green the terrarium with living plants, then they must be selected according to the following parameters. They should not be prickly (except Bromeii, among which there are many arboreal and reptiles arboreal to the Khivug). The thorns practically do no harm to the animals, but they can cause a lot of trouble to the terrarium operator, who is trying to grab the terrarium or catch an animal. But poisonous plants cannot be reaped into terrariums with razsepelnoyadnymi reptiles: having lunch
TERRARIUM, ITS DEVICE AND DECORATION
a plant, an animal is at risk of life. To poisonous plants include aglaocems, aaocasia, aloe, anthurium, arum, butenville, dieffenbshi, clivia, euphorbia, monstera, ordinary ivy and several others.
Plants must have strong, non-brittle leaves and gravels, be suitable for the conditions of habitat.
Among tropical and subtropical plants, species that live on tree trunks and branches are often found. They are called epiphytes. In contrast to parasitic plants, epiphytes feed on their own, extracting “food” from plant and animal debris, which are “buried in hollows of trees and cracks. Many plants (for example, bromidea) have special extensions (junia in the base of the leaves. This allows them to use substances dissolved in water or contained in the moist air of a rainforest.
Epiphytes are very convenient for treating terrariums. Firstly, they are beautiful, secondly, due to the habitat conditions, they are suitable for many tropical and subtropical jujuts and thirdly, they cannot be trampled by terrestrial living animals. place such plants on the so-called "epiphytic trees".
To do this, take a branched trunk or a large branch of white acacia, pear, apple tree or an old lignified stem of grapes. The more "short" they are, the better. The ends of the branches are not cut, but broken off. "Snag" can be made of plastic plumbing pipes wrapped in sphagnum and palm bark. Moss and bark are fixed with a wire or fishing line.
° Epiphytic trees ”must be firmly installed in the terrarium. Suspended arms can be used. They are snapped on strong, as little as possible inconspicuous kashyunovye spikes or fishing line ilm rigidly attached to the walls of the terrarium
Plant roots, together with the substrate, are strengthened on the trunk in specially hollowed indentations. To drain excess water in the bottom of the recess, one or more openings must be drilled. An earthen lump from all sides is wrapped in sphagnum moss and wrapped with soft wire. It is recommended to moisten the substrate before fixing it on the spool.
Extensions should be placed not very d) one hundred and so that they harmonize with each other. The most spectacular bush, which should serve as the center of the whole composition, is usually not placed very high. in the region of the lower third of the trunk. Then, at different distances from it, in the places of branching the branches, the remaining plants are placed: large specimens are lower, and light, small ones are placed on the tops of the branches. Aerial roots should hang, over time they will harden in the substrate. Of course, non-epiphytic plants, even if they are very decorative, do not need to be placed on the tree itself.
Usually on an epiphytic tree
»Place the majority of brodydiaceae (echmei, bilbergia, nidulariums, cryptanthus), ampelous (lipi, descriptions, columnae, zebrins, calliope, netcreasea), scipsy dpsus, ivy, cissus, wax ivy, peppers, ficks, some, cerutus.