- Terrariums for plants. Blossom Universe ecosystems
- How to make a terrarium for plants
- How to make a terrarium for plants
Terrariums for plants. Blossom Universe ecosystems
The history of terrariums begins in England during the reign of Queen Victoria during the romantic age of geographical discoveries, the era of the works of Lewis Carroll and Rudyard Kipling, the period of the industrial revolution and scientific progress, eclectic architecture and the cult of the house. The birth of the first terrarium was the result of a scientific experiment with philanthropic goals, but soon this revolutionary invention received a stunning commercial success.
The terrarium for plants was first presented at the World Industrial Exhibition in 1851. An outstanding botanist of that time, Dr. Ward proposed a solution for transporting rare plants across the ocean from the most remote corners of the planet to replenish collections of botanical gardens and private greenhouses of wealthy homeowners. The then terrariums, they were also called Ward’s drawers, were a design of glass and metal, decorated in the spirit of the Victorian style.
Due to the growth of industry, the air in London was heavily polluted with smoke from plants and smog, which had a detrimental effect on plants. Then the new principle of growing rare ferns and orchids laid the foundation for the universal fascination with winter gardens and terrariums. People sought to decorate their home with elegant glass containers filled with rare and moody plants. There is even a new term called pteridomania, which means fern fever.
Pteridomania is a unique phenomenon that has affected all social strata, and has contributed to the development of both botany and decorative art. Gradually, the “fern fever” went beyond the limits of needlework and affected the industry. fern ornaments appeared on jewelry, interior items, wallpaper and clothes.
This discovery made a huge contribution to agriculture, because to this day in London there is not a single park where the plant brought to Dr. Ward’s terrarium does not grow. By the way, the glass terrarium has become a prototype for the aquarium.
"Until now, only stones and plants understand that everything in the world is one"
Inspired by history, we create our own interpretations of terrariums that can fit into the modern interior of urban spaces, while not violating the usual rhythm of life of their owners. Ideas for forms come to us from nature-geometry, quartz crystals, we can also make a terrarium shape according to your sketch. For our work, we chose the classic stained glass technique, each glass is neatly cut, sized to fit, and then fastened with metal to a sturdy frame. Geometric terrarium is like your own personal garden, only without daily weeding and pest control. Now interest in terrariums is growing steadily, because there is not a single person who would not like to have a small green world, a miniature landscape at home. These small glass kingdoms give inspiration and captivate the look, while precious stones and crystals inside sparkle and flicker, animating the composition. Each terrarium is made with love and awe for nature, manual labor and our customers.
How to make a terrarium for plants
Decide where to place the terrarium. Terrariums are beautiful because they require little maintenance, but in order to preserve their beauty, they need to be placed in the right place. Lighting: all plants require light, and plants in the terrarium are no exception. However, since glass can enhance the lighting effect, it is unreasonable to place a terrarium in direct sunlight. Instead, choose a place where the plant will get a lot of indirect light. You can use the fluorescent backlight, but always follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the devices and buy lamps specially designed for gardening if you decide to go this way. Temperature: Terrariums should be indoors in a heated room. However, keeping a terrarium near a battery or under an air conditioner is also unwise. Avoid extreme temperatures and extreme temperature fluctuations. Correct surface: avoid placing the terrarium on small and fragile pieces of furniture, as well as places where small or active children or animals can get.
Get the things you need. In order to make a terrarium, you will need: Soil. Choose light soil with plenty of drainage, and preferably with sphagnum moss or swamp moss. To check the soil drainage, slightly moisten it and hold it in a fist: when you unclench it, the heavy kidney will crumble into a single mass, and the light one will disintegrate. Pebbles or gravel. These elements, when filled to the bottom, provide good drainage, and when added to the surface they give it a neat appearance. For drainage, it’s best to pick pebbles about 5 mm in diameter, but for the surface you can choose whatever you like. Activated carbon. If there is no drainage hole in the container where you plant the plant, then adding pieces of activated carbon to the soil is a prerequisite. Coal will maintain the freshness of the soil. Moss. A layer of moss at the bottom of the terrarium is useful as a sponge that absorbs excess moisture. Gloves. To work with the terrarium, moss, coal, it is better to use gloves. Decorations! Choose everything you want to add to the terrarium if it does not suffer from excess moisture. This includes small garden gnomes, shells, stones, small figurines, or aquarium decor. Do not plant "living things" in the terrarium, they can damage plants or be a source of disease. 
Wash the glass container. If the container you picked up was previously in use, wash it in soapy water and rinse to remove any soap residue. Bacteria may appear in a dirty terrarium over time, so if you have antibacterial soap, use it when washing.
Add drainage. Mix gravel, pebbles and a large handful of activated carbon. Pour a 2.5 cm layer of this mixture onto the bottom of the container.
Add a layer of moss. This will prevent the earth from falling down through the stones and will also absorb excess moisture, as mentioned earlier.
Fill the ground. Depending on the size of the terrarium and the length of the roots of the plants, you will need to fill up 5 to 8 cm of soil. Tamp the soil lightly to remove air pockets and level the surface. Dig up the small holes in which you plant the plants.
Start planting plants. Remove the plant from its previous container, shake off excess soil from the roots and carefully place it in the terrarium well prepared for it, fill in the roots, and lightly compact the soil around the plant. Repeat with the rest of the plants.
Add jewelry. You can add moss or stones to enhance the appearance of the soil surface in the terrarium.
Water the plants. If your terrarium is open, periodically water the plants. Although fully enclosed terrariums do not need watering, open terrariums need to be watered about once a week or two. Succulents and cacti can be watered once a month.
Maintain the health of your plants. If you notice weeds, mold, or diseased plants, immediately remove the clogged area. You should also remove fading parts of plants, such as old flowers.
Do airing. If your terrarium is closed, then periodically it is necessary to ventilate it. Although this is not necessary, when plants wilt or condensation appears on the walls of the terrarium, airing it (for example, you can lift the glass cap by placing a pebble under it) can be a good idea.
How to make a terrarium for plants
Do you have unused vases and plates in your household? Get it out. Now we will find application, namely we will make small terrariums for plants out of them. The terrarium is an excellent decoration of the interior and at the same time it is very easy to make it for your own home.
In this article, we will consider one of the simplest options for making a terrarium in just 5 minutes.
- Glass vase;
- Pebbles or rubble;
- The soil;
- Small moisture-loving plants with small root systems.
We spread on a plate of palatal pebbles for drainage, spread moist soil on top of it. One or more plants are planted in this soil.
The composition can be decorated with pebbles, figures, sticks and other attributes.
After the decoration is completed, we cover it all with a glass vase.
Everything, the terrarium is ready. The system does not require further intervention, since all moisture evaporating will condense on the walls of the vase and fall back into the soil. Nutrients will also fall back into the ground along with fallen leaves. If, however, the plant begins to dry, then raise a vase and water it.
As you can see, making a terrarium for plants is very easy and simple.
Based on materials from the site: smallhomelove.com