- How to make a terrarium with your own hands
- Python house
- Housing for the Red-eared Turtle
- Choosing a Spider Home
- Terrarium for the chameleon
There are some very important rules that will make a terrarium do it yourself. This is a must if you want to have an exotic animal at home. Terrarium allows you to approximate all environmental conditions at home. You do not need to think that independent arrangement does not require investments, because in addition to materials, you will also need special equipment.
How to make a terrarium with your own hands
First of all, you need to choose the right material for the manufacture of the product. When reading the information on various forums and web resources, we can conclude that the glass box will be very expensive, and the OSB will contain toxic substances, plywood will be the most affordable and safe. This material is cheap and clean, although there are drawbacks, for example, the functionality of glass significantly exceeds plywood. Consider the creation algorithm:
- First you need to determine the size and purchase the required amount of plywood. The larger the dimensions, the better it will be, the animal will feel more comfortable and free, moreover, it directly affects the growth of the pet.
- Now we pass to the stage of choosing tools and materials, we will need: glue, plywood, liquid nails, a drill, as well as self-tapping screws.
- You need to take one element of plywood, which will be the bottom part to it, you need to glue and fasten small pieces of plywood, taking 1 centimeter from the edge. These elements will be a kind of support, after which you can glue the side wall.
- The sidewalls are reinforced with corners.
- When the side parts are prepared, we can move on to the back. It is glued with glue and is additionally screwed with several screws.
- The cap is screwed with the same method, it should securely close the structure from above. In our case, the box will open on the side.
- You can go to the bottom. You need to take three small pieces of plywood and glue them to the floor, and then fix most of the plywood on top.
- Two windows will be present in our design in front, their movement is ensured by slats. First, the rails are fixed, after which the glass is inserted.
- Ventilation is done on the side, which will make the pet’s existence more comfortable. First you need to purchase a ventilation mesh and make holes for it.
- At this stage, the building is ready, then you just need to decorate it, but further work depends on the individual preferences and characteristics of the pet.
This is the easiest option to create, we must not forget about very important elements such as light, heating, feeders, drinking bowls, pools, etc.
Many ask how to make a terrarium for python. Not so often you can meet your friends or acquaintances with your own house for exotic animals. Especially when it contains python. The first thing that comes to mind to the average man at the mention of pythons is a large and dangerous snake. Experienced owners describe their favorites as pleasant and calm creatures. To achieve a pleasant and long life for your pet, it is important to seriously approach the arrangement of favorable living conditions.
Python is a cold-blooded creature, it is important to know how to make a terrarium with your own hands. This means that what is the temperature of the environment, such is it in python. Therefore, it is very important to maintain the temperature within 27 degrees Celsius. Experienced owners recommend placing a ceramic heated element near the python’s home. Python will be happy to warm up near him, but, at the same time, he can crawl into a cool corner without risk of overheating. You should take a closer look at purchasing a thermostat in order to precisely control the comfortable temperature in your pet’s home.
In nature, python is a hunter. The process of feeding a python should occur in the same way as in its natural habitat. It is important that whoever the python will hunt, smell of food, move as a hunter’s target, be warmer than the environment. As they grow older, the python will consume more food. A very small individual can be content with a pair of mice per week. When the python grows more than a meter, he should be given either more mice or one rat. With a python about two meters long, a big rat will be very handy.
As the python grows, you can replace the rat with a rabbit. The larger the snake, the larger the rabbit. When the length of the python rushes to three meters, it is permissible to feed it with an adult chicken. In addition to nutrition, access to fresh water is important to the python. It is not necessary to make a python a bath, bathing can take place partially. It will be enough to equip a large, heavy bowl in the aquarium so that the python can immerse itself in half its body. A do-it-yourself terrarium for snakes should have several important aspects.
Before you get such an unusual cold-blooded pet, it is important to familiarize yourself with the rules of safe keeping. It is necessary to communicate with a python not only during feeding, otherwise a conditioned reflex will develop. When the python is in a good mood, you need to pick it up, you can stroke it. It is important that the snake understands the difference between feeding and socializing, so that it can distinguish its owner from a delicious dinner. It is important in no case to let children play with the python on their own, to tease or offend him.
Pythons differ in beauty, size, and appearance. But any of them requires careful care. The beauty and grace of a cold-blooded predator should be under strict control of its owner. Subject to all conditions of proper maintenance, an individual can grow to a very good size and for a long time please the household with its grace.
Housing for the Red-eared Turtle
Despite the fact that when the words “pet” are mentioned, soft and fluffy cats with dogs most quickly come to mind, now all people give birth to eared pets as pets. These are thermophilic centenarians who do not have many vagaries, but are interesting for observation. You can make a terrarium with your own hands, the individual must live in aquadomics, which has the following qualities
- volume from 100 to 150 liters;
- its bottom should be covered with water at least 40 cm thick exceeding the thickness of the shell;
- so that the individual does not run away and does not hide in an unknown direction, the dwelling must be covered with a lid with holes;
- the temperature should be 22. 28 gr., and in no case not lower than 20 gr.;
- too low a temperature will lead to lethargy and weakened immunity.
- Of course, if there are several pets, you need to take care of a sufficient flat space for them.
The filter, the same as in fish tanks, will maintain cleanliness. To reduce the concentration of organic substances hazardous to the turtle, it is advisable to change a third of the water twice a week. Water must be settled. An ultraviolet or mirror lamp is suitable as additional lighting.
Since such pets sometimes like to warm themselves in the warmth, you need to arrange them dry land of smooth large stones or specially fixed glass. It’s better not to make “dry land” of wood, as it is prone to getting wet and moldy. Above the land you need to place a lamp, and in the water a tube with a thermostat. So the thermophilic pet will not freeze.
Neighborhood and interior design
To avoid conflicts, it is better not to “hook” them to the fish. However, you can install a vertical glass with water holes. If you do not allow cracks that can miss the turtle, such a neighborhood will be peaceful and aesthetically beautiful.
Getting a red-eared turtle as a pet, it is important to remember that it grows quite quickly. Only in the second year of life, it grows to 25 cm. Therefore, you must immediately buy a spacious house. When creating the interior, you need to ensure that the objects that fill it are not only beautiful, but also safe. Unsharp and not too small stones should be used (the tortoise may make attempts to swallow them).
The turtle will dig up and eat any plants with pleasure, therefore, when choosing flora, it is better to stop on the bark of trees, snags and caves. If it is impossible to do without green grasses pleasing to the eyes, then artificial plants need to be firmly fixed.
Choosing a Spider Home
First of all, the choice depends on the spider itself. For burrows and woody species you need a high house, and for land. having a large area. The material of manufacture depends on your goals. Best of all, acrylic recommended itself. Good lateral and upper ventilation is required. If she is too weak. mold and mushrooms will appear on the substrate and driftwood. Relatively weak ventilation can only be used if the dwelling is to be used for dry species.
Choosing a Spider Home
However, this is not all that should be considered when choosing. It is necessary to deal with each type of spider in more detail.
The choice for a groundman
As mentioned above, for a landowner, the house should have a large area. What exactly is meant by this? The size of the bottom should be 3-4 times the size of the spider itself. The height should be no more than 30-40 centimeters, so that in case of a spider falling from the roof (for example, during stress after transplantation), it does not die and does not receive any injuries.
It must be equipped with an upper door and, if possible, a front door. This will simplify the manipulation of the spider and internal elements. For example, if the spider is on the ceiling, then opening the box will be dangerous for both the person and the spider. The front door solves this problem.
Choice for the woodman
For wood, the bottom area should also exceed the size of the spider 3-4 times, but the height should be approximately 1.5 times the width. This will allow you to place the snag so that it does not reach the top and the spider does not braid the ceiling, thereby blocking the upper door. For the same reason, a front door is required. Also, when feeding tree species, it is more convenient to use it, since these spiders always try to escape from danger up.
The location of the front door is selected depending on the particular type. If the spider is predominantly woody (for example poecilotheria), then the door should be kept as low as possible. If the tarantula spends part of its life in a hole (like spiders of the genus psalmopoeus), then for more convenient operation the door should be in the middle. It is possible that a spider will block one of the doors.
In this case, do not tear the web, as the tarantula will begin to experience severe stress. However, if both doors are locked. there are no other options besides tearing the spider web, no.
Choice for a nornik
As in the case of woody species, the height should exceed the width, since a clearly predominant number of burrowing species of tarantula spiders require a high level of substrate. The area can be used a little larger, because many norniki build large “labyrinths”. They also molt in burrows, and a small amount of substrate does not allow the spider to build a “room” for updating the exoskeleton.
The presence of a front door is optional, but desirable. Although in most cases, the norn blocks it. But this, again, depends on the species. Wet species like hysterocrates do not use almost the web to build burrows. But dry ones, such as ceratogyrus, abundantly braid a hole and the space adjacent to it.
Terrarium for the chameleon
Everyone knows the property of chameleons to change color and thereby adapt to the environment. With the help of this, they hide from natural enemies and lie in wait for prey. This amazing feature could not but interest a person, and chameleons began to be bred as pets. In order for this exotic lizard to bring joy to its owners, it is necessary to keep it in conditions as close as possible to its habitat. At home, chameleons live in houses bought or made on their own.
For a home chameleon, the box should be vertical, with one wall being replaced by a ventilation net. Recommended capacity. from 200 liters. It can be made of glass, plexiglass. The terrarium should be located in a place that is certainly protected from drafts.
Terrarium for the chameleon
A chameleon is an animal that is very sensitive to daylight hours, temperature and humidity, so the following important aspects should be considered when arranging a terrarium:
- The daylight should be twelve hours, and for this the terrarium is equipped with ultraviolet lamps.
- The average humidity is 70%, and a more accurate value depends on what kind of pet chameleons will live there.
- The temperature during the day is 28-30 degrees, and at night. 24-25 degrees.
A hygrometer, an ultraviolet lamp for reptiles, a thermometer, a device for drip irrigation, and incandescent lamps will help to provide the necessary microclimate. Terrarium for chameleons must have branches, artificial and living plants. In nature, this lizard spends its life in dense vegetation on the upper tier, only occasionally descending to the ground. She feels safe in the branches, and this is very important, since chameleons are overly emotional animals and stress adversely affect their health.
Regular spraying of plants is necessary not only to maintain moisture, but also so that the chameleon can quench its thirst, as these lizards lick drops from the leaves. If two or more chameleons live in the terrarium, then it should be divided by plants so that the animals do not meet. Two males will definitely fight in the same territory.
The bottom of the terrarium is best lined with artificial turf, as it is easy to keep clean. Also, feeders are installed in the terrarium, from which the lizard will eat its usual food. crickets, flies, worms. As noted earlier, the chameleon drinks drops from the leaves, so there is no need to put a drinker. Getting an exotic pet, one must not forget that these are living creatures and in order to make their life comfortable, the owner needs to make a lot of efforts and follow all the recommendations. The chameleon will delight the owners with its healthy appearance only if its contents are correct.