- Source materials
- Manufacturing process
- Interior design
Terrarium can be made with your own hands
Making a terrarium with your own hands is a rather painstaking and laborious task, but as a result you can get a product of a suitable size and adapted to a certain type of exotic pets. The system, made to individual sizes, will be easy to install in a specific niche or any other opening.
Silicate and organic glass are best suited for the manufacture of terrarium.
The benefit of using such a material is as follows:
- hard to break;
- plexiglass box holds heat well;
- Plexiglass shards rarely have sharp edges;
- organic glass is easy to process.
But this material has certain disadvantages:
- Scratches appear on the surface of the walls during improper use of the finished product. For this reason, you have to wash the glass only with a soft flannel rag or gauze. Hard sponges, scraping devices and chemicals with fine-grained fillers should not be used.
- The plane of plexiglas under the influence of sunlight loses transparency, begins to cloud and fade.
In a terrarium made of such material, only those residents who do not have claws can live:
For animals with claws (lizards and turtles), the main box should be made of other materials.
In addition to glass, you will need to purchase:
- plastic corners;
- durable aluminum mesh for the ventilation system;
- plastic profiles for the manufacture of a doorway in two sizes (their depth should correspond to the thickness of the material intended for the manufacture of doors).
In this video you will learn how to make a terrarium:
Organic glass selection
Of course, you can make a terrarium for your pets from ordinary glass, but this process is much more complicated and requires experience and skills from the master. Glass is quite fragile, it easily breaks and breaks.
To choose plexiglass suitable for the manufacture of a terrarium, it is enough to know that it is of two types:
Injection plexiglass causes less complaints from consumers, because it does not cloud up as quickly as extrusion. Some types of injection plexiglass perfectly transmit ultraviolet rays and do not deteriorate when exposed to sunlight.
Plexiglas there are 2 types
For this reason, such a material is more expensive than extrusion analogues. For the manufacture of terrarium, sheets having a thickness of more than 0.5 cm are suitable.
Choosing the Right Adhesive
The modern chemical industry offers consumers a large assortment of a wide variety of adhesives. In order to choose the right glue, you need to consider several principles.
Glue should be:
- harmless to human health and its pets (do not form toxic chemical compounds and do not emit unpleasant odors when in contact with food, water and animal excrement);
- water resistant.
Any silicone sealant designed for gluing terrariums or aquariums is ideally suited for this purpose.
Equipment and tools
Before starting work, the following tools should be prepared:
- glass cutter;
- glass marker;
- well sharpened knife;
- cargo of rectangular shape with a flat flat surface;
- double-sided tape;
- well sharpened scissors.
In the process, you will need rags that will remove the remainder of the adhesive from the surface of the glasses and hands.
There are a number of requirements for glue
Having dealt with the necessary tools, you need to draw a drawing of the future product on paper. Dimensions can be taken from any manual or individual, taken on the basis of measurements taken in your own home. In order for the terrarium to be conveniently placed in a residential building, the place where it will be installed should be determined in advance. This may be a specific site in the conservatory, a niche in the wall, or some other corner of the house.
After it will be clear where exactly the dwelling for exotic pets will stand, you should take measurements and begin to create a drawing. Patterns are cut out of paper and applied to the surface of plexiglass, then they are circled with a marker and cut out.
After the drawing is ready, you can begin to manufacture the main frame of the product (glass box). Cut parts stick together. To do this, the edges are pre-degreased, and then liberally lubricated with an adhesive. The sections of the parts are joined together and pressed down with a flat rectangular weight.
The exposed adhesive is cut off after it hardens. It is not necessary to press the parts too tightly against each other, a small gap should remain between them, filled with a layer of adhesive.
Do not forget about the inlet
The result should be a rectangular box with a built-in mesh for ventilation. The next stage of work is the sliding door device.
The inlet is designed as follows:
- a deep profile is glued to the ceiling;
- on the upper part of the front corner of the ventilation fence, a profile of a shallower depth is established.
Both halves of the doors are inserted into the grooves of the profiles, they work on the principle of doors in sliding wardrobes.
Arrangement of a ventilation system
The ventilation system works on the principle of flowing air. It happens like this: air flow enters one hole, and leaves another.
It is quite simple to equip such a ventilation system, for this it is enough to make an inlet at the bottom of the product, and an outlet at its top. In this case, the upper hole should be twice as large as the lower one. Entrance and exit must be closed with a metal mesh. Holes cannot be placed opposite each other, otherwise there will be a constant draft in the terrarium, destructive for animals.
Instead of a single outlet, you can make several small ones. To isolate the holes, it is best to take a mesh of aluminum, it is quite durable and does not rust.
Ventilation. an essential element of the terrarium
Making a terrarium cover
There are terrariums without doors, but with a removable lid.
The advantage of such a system is that it is convenient to install in the lid:
- cartridges for heating lamps;
- mounts for devices;
- fans for forced ventilation (if a conventional ventilation system was not provided).
For very large terrariums, forced ventilation is recommended.
For this purpose, two fans are installed:
- the first is designed to ensure the flow of fresh air from the outside;
- the second is necessary for mixing the air inside the glass box.
Fans for the terrarium are selected based on the following characteristics:
For the manufacture of the cover, you can take PVC or non-toxic brands of dense plastic.
The height of the lid is calculated depending on the dimensions of the equipment, which will be attached from below to its bottom, and the length and width should correspond to the dimensions of the terrarium box with an allowance for the thickness of the material. All parts of the lid are cut out and glued in the same manner as the main parts of the terrarium. In the finished cover, holes for the wires are drilled and a hatch is cut out. At the end, lamps are built into the lid. The wires must be insulated very high quality, and it is recommended to stick to the cartridges on a plastic piece so that there is a gap between the heating lamps and the bottom of the cover.
Fans choose according to 3 criteria
Depending on what residents will be placed in such a system, the nuances of the interior arrangement of the box are considered.
And the type of glass house itself is selected taking into account the maximum convenience for exotic pets. For example, if tree lizards live in the terrarium, then it should be extended in height and located vertically. In such a house, you can place a dry branch on which amphibians can climb up.
For lizards, which in nature exist in a sandy environment, it is better to take a horizontal box and pour sand on its bottom.
Terrarium dwellers such as iguanas and chameleons need their own microclimate. Drawers with mesh walls are completely unsuitable for them. The usual air temperature inside the living room from 19 to 22 degrees is not suitable for them, these types are used to higher temperatures. Since the tropics are their natural habitat, then in the house they need to create comfortable conditions:
- humidity level in the tropics;
- air temperature is above 28 degrees.
Small lizards, for which the local climatic conditions are native, are very convenient to keep in a glass box with a mesh back wall. The holes of the mesh should not be too large, it is necessary that the reptiles do not manage to slip out through them, but at the same time they can stably hold their claws on the mesh surface of the wall and crawl along it.
The size of the terrarium depends on its inhabitants
Containers with any kind of holes and doors are completely unsuitable for keeping insects at home. For these pets they purchase glass boxes with a lid and forced ventilation.
The size of the terrarium is also selected depending on how large the individual will live in it. For pythons and crocodiles, a fairly large house is required. In addition, for those amphibian species that live in or near water bodies in the natural environment, it is necessary to install a rather deep water tray.
In some cases, it is possible to keep several species in one universal terrarium. This is only possible if the neighbors in one box are not dangerous to each other and one species is not food in relation to the other.
To avoid accidents, boxes with poisonous snakes, large pythons and spiders cannot be installed in bedrooms and children’s rooms. Children should not be left alone in rooms containing dangerous pets.
In any case, the person who keeps exotic animals and reptiles in the house must understand how carefully and responsibly he must behave towards his pets. It is necessary to ensure that the doors and covers of the terrariums are constantly closed. Otherwise, the poisonous viper escaping from its house can cause a lot of trouble for its owners. In the house where snakes, spiders, scorpions are kept, there must be an ampoule with an antidote.