- Neighborhood and interior design
- The choice for a groundman
- Choice for the woodman
- Choice for a nornik
- Types of Terrariums
- How to make a terrarium for a turtle with your own hands?
There are some very important rules that will make a terrarium do it yourself. This is a must if you want to have an exotic animal at home. Terrarium allows you to approximate all environmental conditions at home. You do not need to think that independent arrangement does not require investments, because in addition to materials, you will also need special equipment.
First of all, you need to choose the right material for the manufacture of the product. When reading the information on various forums and web resources, we can conclude that the glass box will be very expensive, and the OSB will contain toxic substances, plywood will be the most affordable and safe. This material is cheap and clean, although there are drawbacks, for example, the functionality of glass significantly exceeds plywood. Consider the creation algorithm:
- First you need to determine the size and purchase the required amount of plywood. The larger the dimensions, the better it will be, the animal will feel more comfortable and free, moreover, it directly affects the growth of the pet.
- Now we pass to the stage of choosing tools and materials, we will need: glue, plywood, liquid nails, a drill, as well as self-tapping screws.
- You need to take one element of plywood, which will be the bottom part to it, you need to glue and fasten small pieces of plywood, taking 1 centimeter from the edge. These elements will be a kind of support, after which you can glue the side wall.
- The sidewalls are reinforced with corners.
- When the side parts are prepared, we can move on to the back. It is glued with glue and is additionally screwed with several screws.
- The cap is screwed with the same method, it should securely close the structure from above. In our case, the box will open on the side.
- You can go to the bottom. You need to take three small pieces of plywood and glue them to the floor, and then fix most of the plywood on top.
- Two windows will be present in our design in front, their movement is ensured by slats. First, the rails are fixed, after which the glass is inserted.
- Ventilation is done on the side, which will make the pet’s existence more comfortable. First you need to purchase a ventilation mesh and make holes for it.
- At this stage, the building is ready, then you just need to decorate it, but further work depends on the individual preferences and characteristics of the pet.
This is the easiest option to create, we must not forget about very important elements such as light, heating, feeders, drinking bowls, pools, etc.
Many ask how to make a terrarium for python. Not so often you can meet your friends or acquaintances with your own house for exotic animals. Especially when it contains python. The first thing that comes to mind to the average man at the mention of pythons is a large and dangerous snake. Experienced owners describe their favorites as pleasant and calm creatures. To achieve a pleasant and long life for your pet, it is important to seriously approach the arrangement of favorable living conditions.
The filter, the same as in fish tanks, will maintain cleanliness. To reduce the concentration of organic substances hazardous to the turtle, it is advisable to change a third of the water twice a week. Water must be settled. An ultraviolet or mirror lamp is suitable as additional lighting.
Since such pets sometimes like to warm themselves in the warmth, you need to arrange them dry land of smooth large stones or specially fixed glass. It’s better not to make “dry land” of wood, as it is prone to getting wet and moldy. Above the land you need to place a lamp, and in the water a tube with a thermostat. So the thermophilic pet will not freeze.
Neighborhood and interior design
To avoid conflicts, it is better not to “hook” them to the fish. However, you can install a vertical glass with water holes. If you do not allow cracks that can miss the turtle, such a neighborhood will be peaceful and aesthetically beautiful.
Getting a red-eared turtle as a pet, it is important to remember that it grows quite quickly. Only in the second year of life, it grows to 25 cm. Therefore, you must immediately buy a spacious house. When creating the interior, you need to ensure that the objects that fill it are not only beautiful, but also safe. Unsharp and not too small stones should be used (the tortoise may make attempts to swallow them).
The turtle will dig up and eat any plants with pleasure, therefore, when choosing flora, it is better to stop on the bark of trees, snags and caves. If it is impossible to do without green grasses pleasing to the eyes, then artificial plants need to be firmly fixed.
First of all, the choice depends on the spider itself. For burrows and woody species you need a high house, and for land. having a large area. The material of manufacture depends on your goals. Best of all, acrylic recommended itself. Good lateral and upper ventilation is required. If she is too weak. mold and mushrooms will appear on the substrate and driftwood. Relatively weak ventilation can only be used if the dwelling is to be used for dry species.
However, this is not all that should be considered when choosing. It is necessary to deal with each type of spider in more detail.
The choice for a groundman
As mentioned above, for a landowner, the house should have a large area. What exactly is meant by this? The size of the bottom should be 3-4 times the size of the spider itself. The height should be no more than 30-40 centimeters, so that in case of a spider falling from the roof (for example, during stress after transplantation), it does not die and does not receive any injuries.
It must be equipped with an upper door and, if possible, a front door. This will simplify the manipulation of the spider and internal elements. For example, if the spider is on the ceiling, then opening the box will be dangerous for both the person and the spider. The front door solves this problem.
Choice for the woodman
For wood, the bottom area should also exceed the size of the spider 3-4 times, but the height should be approximately 1.5 times the width. This will allow you to place the snag so that it does not reach the top and the spider does not braid the ceiling, thereby blocking the upper door. For the same reason, a front door is required. Also, when feeding tree species, it is more convenient to use it, since these spiders always try to escape from danger up.
The location of the front door is selected depending on the particular type. If the spider is predominantly woody (for example poecilotheria), then the door should be kept as low as possible. If the tarantula spends part of its life in a hole (like spiders of the genus psalmopoeus), then for more convenient operation the door should be in the middle. It is possible that a spider will block one of the doors.
In this case, do not tear the web, as the tarantula will begin to experience severe stress. However, if both doors are locked. there are no other options besides tearing the spider web, no.
Choice for a nornik
As in the case of woody species, the height should exceed the width, since a clearly predominant number of burrowing species of tarantula spiders require a high level of substrate. The area can be used a little larger, because many norniki build large “labyrinths”. They also molt in burrows, and a small amount of substrate does not allow the spider to build a “room” for updating the exoskeleton.
The presence of a front door is optional, but desirable. Although in most cases, the norn blocks it. But this, again, depends on the species. Wet species like hysterocrates do not use almost the web to build burrows. But dry ones, such as ceratogyrus, abundantly braid a hole and the space adjacent to it.
Everyone knows the property of chameleons to change color and thereby adapt to the environment. With the help of this, they hide from natural enemies and lie in wait for prey. This amazing feature could not but interest a person, and chameleons began to be bred as pets. In order for this exotic lizard to bring joy to its owners, it is necessary to keep it in conditions as close as possible to its habitat. At home, chameleons live in houses bought or made on their own.
For a home chameleon, the box should be vertical, with one wall being replaced by a ventilation net. Recommended capacity. from 200 liters. It can be made of glass, plexiglass. The terrarium should be located in a place that is certainly protected from drafts.
A chameleon is an animal that is very sensitive to daylight hours, temperature and humidity, so the following important aspects should be considered when arranging a terrarium:
- The daylight should be twelve hours, and for this the terrarium is equipped with ultraviolet lamps.
- The average humidity is 70%, and a more accurate value depends on what kind of pet chameleons will live there.
- The temperature during the day is 28-30 degrees, and at night. 24-25 degrees.
A hygrometer, an ultraviolet lamp for reptiles, a thermometer, a device for drip irrigation, and incandescent lamps will help to provide the necessary microclimate. Terrarium for chameleons must have branches, artificial and living plants. In nature, this lizard spends its life in dense vegetation on the upper tier, only occasionally descending to the ground. She feels safe in the branches, and this is very important, since chameleons are overly emotional animals and stress adversely affect their health.
Regular spraying of plants is necessary not only to maintain moisture, but also so that the chameleon can quench its thirst, as these lizards lick drops from the leaves. If two or more chameleons live in the terrarium, then it should be divided by plants so that the animals do not meet. Two males will definitely fight in the same territory.
The bottom is best lined with artificial turf, as it is easy to keep clean. Also, feeders are installed in the terrarium, from which the lizard will eat its usual food. crickets, flies, worms. As noted earlier, the chameleon drinks drops from the leaves, so there is no need to put a drinker. Getting an exotic pet, one must not forget that these are living creatures and in order to make their life comfortable, the owner needs to make a lot of efforts and follow all the recommendations. The chameleon will delight the owners with its healthy appearance only if its contents are correct.
On earth there are a huge number of species of reptiles and amphibians. They are distributed almost everywhere: from deserts and tropics to temperate zones and forest-tundra. Reptiles and amphibians can live on the ground and under the ground, in the water and on the crowns of trees, while different species have completely different environmental requirements. Based on this, it becomes obvious that before you get such a pet, you need to learn as much as possible about it: diet, conditions and norms of maintenance (temperature, humidity, lighting) and so on.
If you decide to get yourself a snake, toad, crocodile or turtle as a pet, the first question will be the place of residence of the reptile. It is for keeping cold-blooded amphibians and reptiles that terrariums are designed. boxes of plexiglass, chipboard, plywood or wood, constantly maintaining the necessary temperature and humidity.
Do-it-yourself terrarium is not only a cheap, but also an interesting solution to the housing problem for a future pet. Let’s consider it in more detail.
Before you make a terrarium with your own hands, you need to decide exactly what it will be. It’s better to start by drawing a drawing of your project. The shape of the terrarium can be vertical, horizontal or cubic. The shape and size of the future home are selected depending on the size and number of animals that will live in it. Some species of snakes, turtles and crocodiles also need water , in this case, an aquaterrarium is needed.
Vertical terrarium designed for animals leading a tree lifestyle (various types of iguanas, chameleons, anoles, some types of snakes, etc.).
Horizontal option needed for reptiles living mainly on earth (monitor lizards, eublefaras, geckos, land turtles, skinks, agamas, various types of snakes).
Cubic terrarium suitable for almost everyone, as well as reptiles living in the earth, burrows.
Aquaterrarium Designed for animals with a predominantly aquatic lifestyle (waterfowl turtles, caimans, some snakes, etc.).
So, let’s move on to construction. The principle of building vertical and horizontal terrariums is similar, the difference is only in size.
Attention! The basic requirement for all terrarium materials is as follows: under any operating conditions, they should not be toxic, not have an antifungal component, withstand heat, not react with moisture and be resistant to ultraviolet and mechanical stress.
We will need:
1. Building materials (the basis of the terrarium). Terrarium can be made of glass, particleboard, plywood, wood, plexiglass.
2. Sealant. It is necessary for gluing parts of the terrarium (to fill the seams between the parts, as protection against water leakage). Sealants for aquariums are ideal for us.
3. Electrical appliances. various lamps, heaters, sensors, etc.
4. Drills, saws, screwdrivers, vices, etc.
5. Golden hands and, most importantly, desire.
Consider the construction of a vertical terrarium.
Size is selected based on animal welfare standards. For different species, they are different.
So, for example, for a green iguana, the size of the terrarium is about 160/140/80 centimeters (high / long. / Deep.).
Glass cutter cut out the required size of glass for the frame and roof. The glass thickness should be approximately 4 mm (less should not be taken). On the lid, if it is made of glass, holes are made for the lamps (instead of glass, you can also use a frame with a grid). Ventilation holes of the required diameter are made in the side walls to maintain the humidity of the recommended reptile level. Arrange them as shown in the diagram (one hole in the bottom of the sidewall, the other in the top to allow air access). We connect the glass blanks, keeping an angle of 90 ° between them. Hold the glass at a distance of 1 millimeter from each other (you can put a match between the glasses).
Glue masking tape around the edges of the glass so that the seams are even. Degrease the glass with acetone. The joint must be completely filled with silicone sealant. Then remove the adhesive tape with excess silicone. We fix in this position until the sealant completely hardens (this period is different and is written in the instructions) with a vice. If a match was used in the work, then remove it. After drying, we cut off the excess sealant. So do with all the walls. We attach the hinges and install the doors. Next, we put the locking mechanism (magnets, lock, latch). The housing is ready.
Second phase. Now we take care of heat and light.
In addition to the UV lamp, which does not warm the air in the terrarium well enough, it is also necessary to purchase an incandescent lamp. For these purposes, mirrored incandescent lamps at 40 and 60W are well suited. They will provide warmth and light in the house of your animal. Their quantity and power are determined empirically. The maximum required temperature at the warming point, the place where the animal can receive the maximum amount of heat, must be higher than the total temperature in the terrarium. The lamps are placed in a lamp and connected to the network.
In addition, various sources of additional heat are used: heating mats, cords, stones.
Well, that’s all, we built a terrarium with our own hands for turtles, iguanas and other types of reptiles. Inside we put humidity and temperature sensors. Further design and interior decoration depends on the preferences of your pet and you. Most importantly, you should not forget about the heating points, water sources and places for feeding.
We select the necessary plywood with a thickness of about 6 mm, while recalling environmental safety. Furniture plywood is suitable for us.
Dust is removed from the plywood, then it is covered with acrylic varnish (for children’s rooms) in several layers. Particular attention should be paid to irregularities (knots, cracks, etc.). This will provide protection from moisture and extend the life of our terrarium. By analogy with a glass terrarium, we cut out plywood sheets of the required size and fasten them to corners and screws, and fill the joints with sealant. You need the same equipment as for the glass terrarium.
It is mainly made of glass, the construction principle is like that of an aquarium. It does not need ventilation holes on the sides and doors, a mandatory component. removable cover. Through it there is ventilation and access to the terrarium. Lighting, heating and sensors are installed in the same way as in the above terrariums. In this case, the ingress of electrical appliances into water must be excluded.
Before you start a pet, you need to learn as much as possible about its nutrition, conditions and living standards. Keep cold-blooded reptiles and amphibians (toads, crocodiles, turtles) in special terrariums made of plywood, particleboard, plexiglass. A very important component is the correct choice of humidity and temperature conditions.
Types of Terrariums
The vertical terrarium is suitable for animals that lead a tree lifestyle, for example, iguanas, some snakes. The horizontal type is intended for geckos, monitor lizards, that is, for pets who live in natural conditions for the most part on earth. The cube version is universal, as it suits almost everyone, including reptiles living in the ground. If you decide to have a caiman or a waterfowl, then you will need an aquaterrarium.
How to make a terrarium for a turtle with your own hands?
How to equip a terrarium for a turtle? Everything is very simple. If your turtle is one of the land, then in order to save, you can make a terrarium not from plexiglass, but from plywood. The larger the capacity, the better for the pet. In this case, we proceed to the construction of the product with dimensions 87x47x48 cm.
- Remember that all materials must be environmentally friendly. The bottom and three walls will be made of plywood, the front part. of glass. We take the base of 87×47 cm and liquid water-based nails.
- We glue it on the base, and then we nail on the bar on each side. They will serve as support.