How to make a terrarium with plants: 5 simple steps
Recently, on the Internet, you can increasingly see beautiful photos of terrariums with plants. Many of them are almost works of art. with a plot, figures of characters and tiny copies of objects. Such a thing may seem very difficult to execute and whimsical to care for, but this is not so if you are guided by several tips.
In general, a glass container in which plants suitable for such conditions grow can become something of an independent ecosystem. Of course, it is not airtight, it is necessary to water a miniature garden from time to time, but the water evaporates much more slowly, and moisture-loving plants feel great in such a microclimate.
terrarium with plants
As for the owner of this miniature garden, the contemplation of the do-it-yourself terrarium will surely become for him no less appealing than meditation. In just 5 steps, you can become the owner of such a masterpiece.
Step 1. Choose a capacity
There is no need for a spacious aquarium, an expensive mini-greenhouse, or even buying a ready-made kit for creating a terrarium. Almost any glass vessel is suitable. from small containers for bulk products to a small round aquarium, in which they usually hold a goldfish. In a word, here you are limited only by imagination.
Rinse the future terrarium with a disinfectant solution to remove potential spores of moss or substances that could be harmful to plants. Leave the vessel to dry completely for 1–2 days before filling it with drainage, earth, and plants.
Step 2. Take care of the ground.
Since terrariums do not have drainage holes, this must certainly be taken into account when preparing the substrate. Lay a layer of gravel 3-5 cm thick at the bottom of the container. Before adding soil, place sphagnum moss or burlap on the surface of the first layer. these components will not allow the substrate to fall between the stones and caking. If your choice has fallen on moss, do not forget to rinse it beforehand to remove seeds, weeds and insects that may be in it. It should be laid in small parts, and not in a single layer, as the manufacturer packed it.
The next layer is made of charcoal with a thickness of 0.5-1.5 cm. It is necessary to disinfect and neutralize the smell in case you go too far with watering. Well, then comes the turn of the earth. a layer of 6 cm will be quite enough. Depending on the depth of the terrarium, the amount of substrate can be varied, adhering to the above proportions.
Also, for a more interesting solution, you can use various branches and stones. And to create a terrarium with a plot, you can make small benches, add figures of people, animals and small copies of objects.
By the way, if you are afraid that midges will settle in the terrarium due to high humidity, cover its edge with gauze and fix it with an elastic band.
Step 4. Take care of the plants.
Maintain the optimum moisture level in the terrarium, avoiding acidification or drying out of the substrate. Immediately after planting the plants and from time to time, replace the watering with spraying, and if it seems to you that the flowers need more moisture, water it, but do it sparingly. Do not forget that excess water in the terrarium becomes the cause of the development of fungal diseases, the appearance of mold, rotting plants. If these problems appear, dealing with them will not be so easy.
terrarium with plants The appearance of condensation on the walls of a terrarium is normal if there is not so much of it. If through the condensate it is difficult to discern the contents, this is a serious reason to reduce watering. Ventilate containers with a lid more often to stimulate the evaporation of excess water. Open terrariums quickly come to a normal level of humidity, however, they require more frequent watering than those with covers. After some time, the ecosystem normalizes, and you can return to the usual care.
If you notice a fungus that has spread on the surface of the earth and on plants, take the same measures. Some types of fungi can be removed with tweezers or wooden sticks. And do not forget to get rid of dried leaves and inflorescences. rotting, they often lead to the appearance of fungus.
Twice a year, apply silent fertilizer in granules.
Trim or thin out the plants so that they do not grow and interfere with each other.
Step 5. Find a place for the terrarium
Direct sunlight can be harmful to plants in a terrarium, causing rotting and the development of fungal diseases. In addition, in such an environment, the temperature in the sun rises quite quickly, and without ventilation, the roots can simply weld. Therefore, the best place for a terrarium would be where there is enough diffused light. And certainly you should not choose for this the southern and western windows.