Ordinary, or green iguana (lat.Iguana iguana). large herbivorous lizard of the iguana family, leading a daytime tree lifestyle. It lives in Central and South America.
These animals are distinguished by a peaceful disposition, quickly become attached to a person, trust the owner and willingly come into contact with him. True, it should be borne in mind that iguanas have very sharp claws, but usually lizards do not use them as a means of attack or defense. Iguanas grow quite quickly, after a few years reaching quite impressive sizes. If in nature their length can exceed two meters, then in captivity they, as a rule, reach no more than one and a half meters. That is, when creating a terrarium for your pet, you should be prepared for the fact that you will have to increase his "living space" every now and then.
It is desirable that the iguana’s home is high enough. In the terrarium, a proportional capacity (trough) with water is required, occupying about 1/4 of the bottom of the terrarium. A container of water will maintain minimal moisture and allow the iguana to quench your thirst. Given that iguanas often defecate directly in the water, it must be changed as it becomes dirty, preferably daily. It will not hurt if you place a flat stone in the terrarium at the bottom, on which the iguana will spend part of the time. When cleaning the terrarium, it will be useful if you bathe an iguana in the bathroom. Do not forget that when bathing in the bathroom you need to put a branch there so that the iguana can get out of the water if necessary.
The temperature should be maintained at 28-30 degrees during the day and 22 degrees at night. This temperature should be shown by a thermometer located on the side opposite to the heating lamps. Under the lamp, the temperature will be higher and this is normal. However, at a distance of 10-15 cm from the heating lamp, the temperature should not be higher than 35-38C. The night temperature can be maintained, especially in winter, using a lamp, a thermo-mat, or using a heater. When climbing branches and other objects are installed in the terrarium, make sure that the iguana is not able to crawl to the heating lamp at a distance of less than 10-15 cm.
Humidity should be approximately 80%, and it is achieved by moderate spraying of water inside the terrarium using an ordinary spray gun for flowers or ironing or by installing a tray with water. You can put a fountain with a filter. Humidity is measured by a hygrometer.
It is highly undesirable to create increased humidity inside the terrarium. This will certainly lead to the growth of bacteria, and as a result, to the infection of the iguana with a fungus. Less moisture than excess is always better.
Once, or even twice a day, it is necessary to clean the terrarium. clean the rug or straw mat, change the water in the aquarium, rinse the feeder with clean running water. an ordinary cat-like bowl. Bathing is a very important component in the maintenance of these animals.
After bathing, iguanas with even greater pleasure climb their picturesque trees, with which you will provide them so that you can bask under the lamps, freezing and closing your eyes with pleasure.
Iguana is a real vegetarian. Proper nutrition is a very important element in the health of the iguana. For decades, it was commonly believed that they are not only herbivorous, but also sometimes enjoy insects and small mammals. These statements can be found in the works of many herpetologists of our and foreign, based on the observation of some individuals in nature, mainly young iguanas. But new studies in various populations in nature show that eating insects is more unusual than typical.
In the wild, the diet at different ages of the iguana mainly consists of young foliage of fruits and flowers. Of course, they can eat insects located on these leaves, but they will not do this on purpose.
Iguanas eat almost all greens from plant foods. apples, carrots, cabbage, turnips, parsley, dandelion, beans in pods, green (sweet) pepper, raspberries, leeks, peas, blackberries, grapes, radishes, pears, parsnips, spinach, turnip tops, cucumber, bean greens , dill. The latter should be given infrequently and moderately, since dill in large quantities is harmful to iguanas. It will be great if 2-3 times a month you crawl finely into eggshell food and give a little low-fat cottage cheese.
An important rule is. the maximum variety of iguana diets, i.e. do not feed with the same product for, say, a week.