Terrarium is a limited capacity of glass with various habitats (aquatic, semi-aquatic, land, mixed type). The terrarium must have adequate ventilation, lighting and heating. The terrarium, depending on the species, is intended for keeping various species of animals. These are reptiles, and amphibians, fish, arthropods, insects, arachnids and many others. Some terrariums are used to grow exotic plants.
We will analyze all possible types of terrariums separately:
one.Aquarium. Horizontal type of terrariums of various shapes and volumes. Less commonly, it is vertical. This structure of the aquarium is necessary when keeping some species of mollusks and fish. Aquarium. a water type of terrarium without land. Basically, such terrariums are used for keeping fish and amphibians, less often arthropods and mollusks. Sometimes in aquariums contain separate species of water turtles. It is necessary to take into account the fact that only a few representatives of these reptiles can live completely without land. The equipment of the aquarium depends on who lives in it. Mandatory points for all inhabitants of aquariums are lighting and control of water temperature. For lighting, lamps are selected depending on the animal that is contained in the aquarium. It also happens with water temperature. For some amphibians, it will have to be cooled, but for fish and reptiles, on the contrary, it needs to be heated. For most species of fish, an aerator is needed. a transmitter of oxygen to the water. In most cases a filter is needed. At the bottom of the aquarium, depending on the type of its inhabitant, the owner can place different soil. The most important thing is that the pet does not use it for food. In the same way, the situation is with plants, both plastic and living.
2. Aquaterrarium. This type of terrarium is mainly used for keeping turtles. The difference from the aquarium in this terrarium is the presence of an adequate island (land). When equipping the aquaterrarium, the owner of the reptile needs to provide adequate lighting, heating land and water. To heat the water environment, conventional fish water heaters are used. Water temperature varies depending on the type of reptile or amphibian contained in the aquaterrarium. The temperature on land is maintained using a conventional light bulb mounted above it. The temperature is controlled by changing the distance between the lamp and the land. An ultraviolet lamp should be located both above land and above water. It should burn 12 hours a day. Due to the specifics of the inhabitants of the aquatorrariums, an aerator is very rarely placed in it, since the main inhabitants of this type of terrariums breathe atmospheric oxygen, and it makes no sense to saturate them with water. With a filter, the opposite is true. For aquatorrariums, it is recommended to use external and very powerful filters. With plants and soil, things are the same as with the equipment of the aquarium.
3. Ground Terrarium. In this type of terrarium, several subtypes can be distinguished:
Vertical land terrarium. This is a terrarium in which the ratio of height to width wins the first. This type of terrarium is used to maintain tropical reptile species. These include chameleons, iguanas, geckos, some species of tree snakes. When equipping such a terrarium, it is necessary to take into account the ventilation requirements for the inhabitant of this volume. If these requirements are violated, the animal can develop various diseases that can even lead to death. Lighting is also important. Two types of lamps must be used. Ultraviolet and ordinary light. The spectrum of ultraviolet light and the wadding of a light lamp varies depending on the requirements of the reptile that is contained in the terrarium. Temperature control in the terrarium is also important. It is partially controlled by a light lamp, but at night the temperature in the terrarium should not drop to a critical point. To avoid this, floor heating or an incandescent stone is equipped, which work around the clock and maintain the optimum temperature in the non-light period. There must be a reservoir in the terrarium. Its volume and equipment, such as the equipment of fountains and waterfalls, also depends on the type of animal contained in the terrarium. The interior of the terrarium is the owner’s choice. The most important thing is to snags, stones, etc. the animal could not be injured.
Horizontal land terrarium. These types of terrariums are used for keeping desert species of lizards, snakes and many land turtles. As in the vertical, in such a terrarium two types of lighting and temperature control are necessary, both in the daytime and at night. Animals contained in such terrariums very poorly tolerate temperature extremes. If you do not provide a stable and competent change in this indicator per day, then sooner or later the pet will fall ill. There should be an adequate body of water in the terrarium from which the animal can drink and take a “bath” there. Mostly sand or small pebbles are used as soil, since mainly animals contained in such terrariums are carnivorous, or eating small mammals, the owner may not be afraid that the animal will eat the soil. Animals kept in horizontal terrariums need shelters. Several cases have been reported that, in the absence of adequate shelter, some species of lizards and turtles refused to feed in the absence of adequate shelter, as they were under constant stress.
Cobweb. This is a special type of land terrarium, characterized by small volumes and mainly cubic shape. Based on the name, in such terrariums mainly contain spiders and insects. But these are not all inhabitants of cobwebs. They also contain some species of amphibians and mollusks. The main distinguishing feature of this type of terrarium from all other land terraces is that there is no equipped light and heating in this volume, since animals contained in such volumes do not need them. In a cobweb, competent ventilation is very important. Since these terrariums are small in size, both high and low humidity in them due to improper ventilation can lead to the death of the animal living there. The soil and decor of the terrarium varies depending on who it is kept in.
four. Polydarium. This is a separate unique type of terrariums used for keeping burrowing species of amphibians, or growing tropical exotic plants. Polydarium can be without a lid, it is suitable for keeping amphibians, as well as a closed closed system. The main difference between this type of terrarium and all others is the almost identical ratio of soil and water environment within the terrarium. As land in such terrariums, a large layer of soil is used, into which the roots of the plant can be taken, and animal holes can be built. In such terrariums, it is very important to control temperature and humidity, and they must be combined. Such terrariums with their competent arrangement allow their owners to create a mini ecosystem at home. Some species of half-ariums can provide food to their inhabitants. If the owner of this type of terrarium plantes certain types of plants inside which small insects can breed, and the number of animals contained in this terrarium is not large, then this will be a reduced similarity to the food cycle.
five. Terrariums used to quarantine animals. This is a special type of terrarium used for overexposure or treatment of sick or wild animals. When equipping this type of terrarium, it is necessary to take into account the fact that such a volume will undergo continuous sterilization and chemical treatment. Therefore, the utensils in such a terrarium should be made of metal or ceramic. Also in such a terrarium should be good ventilation and lighting. It is desirable to make ventilation windows mobile so that they can shrink or expand depending on which animal is quarantined. These types of terrariums are not decorated in any way, they do not have soil and other utensils. If the animal undergoing quarantine is woody, it is recommended to use plastic or metal structures as tree branches.
All types of terrariums are somewhat different from each other, but in any of them it is necessary to maintain cleanliness and order in order to avoid the disease of their inhabitants.
For aquatic types of terrariums, during their explantation, a constant change and filtration of water is mandatory. Water needs to be used either with standing water or filtered. When using tap water directly from the tap, free chlorine can seriously damage the health of the terrarium dweller. In land terrariums, water in the small containers located in them, too, must be monitored. Water attenuation, or prolonged presence of reptile feces in water, must not be allowed.
It is also necessary to prevent drying out of these reservoirs. All terrariums also need to control lighting. And this is not only a timely change of the light bulb after it burns out, but also the correct operation of ultraviolet lamps. Basically, any ultraviolet lamp can be used for more than 10 months when working 12 hours a day, but the reptile owner must take into account the fact that, depending on the manufacturer, after 3-6 months this lamp does not carry ultraviolet particles in the light beam and becomes just light. Therefore, herpetologists recommend changing the ultraviolet lamp regardless of whether it burned out or not, once every 3-5 months.
When operating any terrarium, it is necessary to monitor any manifestations of fungal microflora. In case of violation of ventilation, or other components of the microclimate, fungal microflora may appear in the volume both on animals and on food products or wooden utensils. The owner of the terrarium needs to monitor these points and warn in a timely manner. When keeping insectivorous or carnivorous animals, the owner must take into account the fact that the feed can be a source of helminths. Such animals need regular deworming.