Terrarium. Breeding turtles
Turtles lay eggs, from which, after a certain period, the young hatch. Newborn turtles do not need parental care and are able to take care of themselves.
Turtles in captivity breed quite rarely. Breeding turtles. painstaking and responsible work, which only experienced specialists can do. However, the first to achieve good results was an amateur who devoted many years to his work, so you should not despair if you do not immediately get offspring.
One of the keys to success in breeding reptiles will be patience.
In order for the turtles kept at home to breed, you need to provide them with the proper conditions: proper nutrition, hibernation, a suitable habitat and relative freedom of movement.
For successful breeding, in addition to observing all conditions of detention, it is desirable to place several individuals of the same species in one pen or terrarium. When forming a group, the correct ratio of the number of females and males is important, which contributes to the manifestation of elements of mating behavior in these animals. In freshwater turtles, this ratio. about 2: 1, and in land in most cases. 3: 1.
In addition, when choosing animals, you need to consider their age. you should select sexually mature, but not old individuals, which you must first check with your veterinarian. Sick or weakened animals are unlikely to produce offspring.
Trachemys can mate throughout the year. In terrarium conditions, the mating season usually falls at the beginning of spring; the female lays eggs from July to September.
For a while, a group of selected turtles needs to be carefully watched to determine how ready they are for mating games and breeding. If a relationship has been established between heterogeneous individuals, the remaining turtles need to be moved to another place.
It is interesting to watch the mating games of turtles both in vivo and at home. Both terrestrial and terrestrial turtles often manifest themselves in a completely different direction during the breeding season than in ordinary life.
Males of land species often fight among themselves, seeking the favor of their chosen female. They push around, trying to pry each other with a shell to flip onto their backs. Female turtles do not always prefer those males who won the fight. They can choose both the defeated and the male, who did not participate in the battle.
Turtles, like other reptiles, after building a nest and laying eggs do not care about offspring at all, and small turtles appear already completely ready for independent life.
In nature, water turtles lay their eggs in coastal sand, burying them near the pond. Land turtles dig masonry into a hole dug in the ground. Under natural conditions, mating in most species of turtles occurs in April-May, and offspring is born next spring.
In preparation for breeding in food for turtles, it is necessary to add products containing vitamin E. In nature, in most species of turtles, the breeding period begins immediately after hibernation, so it is recommended that animals be put into hibernation for several months.
Small turtles that have just hatched from eggs already see well and are guided mainly by sight. Under natural conditions, young water turtles in a few minutes after birth independently get to the water, being guided most likely by the level of illumination of water, which is higher than the illumination of land, even at night.
During the breeding season, turtles need to create comfortable conditions: do not disturb them, exclude all extraneous noise and vibration, try to touch animals as little as possible. At home, if you decide to breed, you must take care of the place where the eggs will be located in advance.
In order for freshwater turtles to start mating games, the temperature of the water in the terrarium or aquarium should be 22-26 ° C. On land, you should prepare a place where the female will lay her eggs. You can dig a small depression in the sand or soil and place a container with sphagnum moss there so that it is on par with land. After the female lays eggs, the container should be removed and placed in an incubator. The temperature in the incubator should be maintained at 28-30 ° C.
After 2-3 months, depending on the type of turtle, small turtles will appear from the eggs. They must be immediately placed in the aquaterrarium or aquarium. They feed almost the same way as adult turtles, with the exception of plant foods.
The birth of a baby Balkan tortoise
Newborn baby turtles, like other reptiles, have the remains of the yolk sac, which disappear a few days after birth, as well as a special egg tooth with which they dissect the shell. In addition, in the first days after leaving the eggs at the turtles on the plastron, a transverse fold can be seen. A consequence of the bent position of the young inside the egg.
Land tortoise eggs should be placed in a container with sand and kept in an incubator at a temperature of 28-32 ° C. If you do not have an incubator, you can use a regular glass jar or aquarium filled with sand, which should be regularly moistened. Such an incubator can be heated using a conventional incandescent lamp. You can put the incubator next to the central heating battery.
The eggs of turtles have a calcareous, sometimes leathery, oval shape. Their sizes vary depending on the type of animal. The number of eggs in a clutch can be from 2 to 8 pieces in a Mediterranean and up to 70 pieces in a Far Eastern tortoise.
Eggs laid by turtles are far from always fertilized. In order not to keep empty eggs in the incubator for several months, they need to be checked. To do this, you can build a primitive ovoscope: put a small light bulb in a small cardboard box, for example from a flashlight, and cover the box with a lid in which an egg-shaped hole is cut, but a little smaller. To test an egg, you need to put it, without turning over, into the hole and turn on the light bulb. Darkening will be noticeable in the middle of the fertilized egg, and the empty one will transmit light evenly. When checking, you should remember that the longer the maturity of the eggs, the more accurate the result.
The eggs of land and water turtles, unlike birds, cannot be turned over in any case, therefore, they should be transferred very carefully to the incubator.
After the female lays eggs, she should be kept away from other animals for some time. Female nutrition for several weeks should be enhanced, since during this period the immunity of turtles is weakened and they are more susceptible to various diseases.
If turtles appeared, you need to try to save them all. In no case should they be placed in the same paddock or terrarium with adult turtles, as these reptiles have no maternal instinct and can harm cubs