A purchased or self-built terrarium should be equipped according to the tastes of its future residents. It is necessary to equip the floor, decorate the walls and put in a few objects, which first of all should fulfill practical rather than decorative functions, also install heating, put flowers in pots, maybe build a wet "room".
There is no standard solution for terrariums, since all animals are very different biologically and come from different climatic zones. This means that a lover of terrariums, if he wants to create the most favorable conditions for his wards, must use not only his knowledge of biology, but also a certain amount of imagination and a desire to experiment. Let’s start with the floor. For animals from dry or hot countries, river sand is best suited without large grains of sand, and for some animals the sand is very fine. It is often recommended to move sand with pieces of land or pebbles. The floor covering should be 8-10 cm, and its front part is slightly lower than the back, since this is optically better perceived. For animals that prefer a colder and more humid climate, a floor covered with forest soil or peat mixed with sand is best. You can cover the floor with straw, which is easy to change.
Large stones, flat stones, knotted branches, all kinds of pieces of wood can be decorative details of the terrarium decoration. It is not at all difficult to make grottoes, minks, bridges, and terraces from ordinary stones, wood, cement, gypsum, or any other easily processed material. Such structures, before installing them in the terrarium, must be well cleaned. For animals that like to crawl up and down branches, you can bring the branches, cut them into pieces along the height of the terrarium and fix it with a screw on a small board. All this is put inside the terrarium and covered with earth. This design is very convenient, as it is easy to remove and clean. You can equip the walls so that you can crawl along them: for this, calcined polystyrene, tree bark, etc. can be used. Options can be very different. It is only necessary that the material used be durable, wear-resistant and easy to care for. A standard terrarium should have lighting. Light partially replaces animals and flowers with the sun and at the same time decorates the terrarium. In good light, it will be more convenient for you to watch your pet.
In any case, heating devices should remain on all day, only at night can they be turned off, which corresponds to the life cycle of animals. Recently, heating devices have appeared on the market in the form of an ordinary flat stone, to which a cable is connected. Animals especially like this, since in freedom they also like to bask on stones heated by the sun. In hot summer, the problem is solved by itself, when you simply put your terrarium in the sun in a sheltered place in the garden or on the balcony. Nevertheless, care must be taken to ensure that the terrarium is not in the sun all day. Cover part of the terrarium so your wards can go into the shade at any moment.
Landscaping of the terrarium in most cases is not necessary for the life of animals, nevertheless, it looks much better with greens, moreover, greens will help create a microclimate and the animals feel better. The greenery creates an additional shadow, a place for hanging out, an “opportunity” for climbing and a power source, which is especially important for animal vegetarians, who are the majority among the inhabitants of terrariums. Naturally, poisonous plants cannot be placed in a terrarium. Animals are not mistaken when choosing plants, but large inhabitants of the terrarium can quickly turn beautiful plants into wild chaos. Therefore, it makes sense to establish only durable unpretentious plants with a high degree of survival, which can survive in an artificial atmosphere. Important conditions for the plant. good lighting and ventilation, regular watering.
The right plant choice. this is real art. Beginners are advised to economically design a terrarium with unassuming plants. It is best to plant them in the ground or put pots on the floor with plants so that they can be easily changed and watered. Flower pots can easily be masked with several stones. If you made a floor from styrene (plastic), then you can easily make holes in it and fix flower pots. Heather, ivy, honeysuckle, dwarf juniper, which live more in a dry atmosphere, are suitable for an unheated terrarium. Various types of ferns are more suitable for wet terrariums. Agave, aloe, fig trees, euphorbiace and arash plants are placed in the heated. These plants are more suitable for dry terrariums. Plants whose roots are not in the ground but on other plants, pieces of bark and branches are more suitable for damp ones.
With the help of bark of a cork tree you can build a very nice fence for flowers. For marshy and aquarium terrariums, aquatic and marshy plants are most suitable. If you want to avoid worries about the proper selection of plants and care for them, then artificial plants are most suitable for you, which are so widely represented today that you can easily choose the ones suitable for this animal. Artificial flowers have such an advantage: they can be easily removed and, after thorough washing, again placed in the terrarium. Water in one quantity or another is necessary for all animals of the terrarium. Some animals have enough moisture that they get by licking water from the plants we spray every day. For others, at least a small bowl of water is needed to quench thirst. Water needs to be added or changed every day.
In all terrariums, except those in which there should be dry air, animals need a certain percentage of air humidity. Most animals require a humidity of 70-90% to feel good. Evaporation of water from wet soil is often insufficient for this. In this case, only one thing will help: daily, mainly in the evening, spray the leaves and soil of the terrarium manually. Use only a small spray bottle. Heating and a large amount of water create an atmosphere close to tropical. The terrarium in which animals from this area live should be equipped with a thermometer and hydrometer. This equipment is also recommended for all other heated terrariums.