To successfully maintain at home any member of the agamic lizard family, a terrarium is necessary, the microclimate of which imitates the conditions in the natural habitat of animals. I think many people have repeatedly heard about people holding reptiles in apartments for “free grazing”, which often refers to turtles, less often to the content of green iguanas, but such an “experience” for the most part leads to extremely sad consequences. illnesses and death of reptiles due to inadequate metabolism of temperature, humidity, light and sanitary conditions. Therefore, the first thing you should be puzzled by deciding to get an agama in the house is to provide it with an adequate dwelling, having recreated in it conditions as close as possible to a real biotope.
Depending on the type that the choice will ultimately fall on, a horizontal, cubic or vertical terrarium will be required, which is largely determined by the way of life of animals. For lizards living on the open surfaces of steppes and deserts, leading a land-based lifestyle, such as roundheads and most tenon tails, a horizontal terrarium is preferred. Agamas, whose important role in life in the natural environment is played by rocks and tree crowns, for example, sailing lizards require vertical terrariums, and for family members such as lizard-like lizards that equally use both horizontal and vertical surfaces, cubic-type terrariums are better suited
In the life of certain groups of agamas living on the shores of tropical reservoirs leading a semi-aquatic lifestyle, such as aquatic agamas, an important role is played by water. the terrarium for such reptiles should have a spacious, rather deep reservoir and is usually called an aquaterrarium. Although the gradation of terms here is very arbitrary: a vertical terrarium, the bottom of which is covered with 30 centimeters of water, and the internal volume is filled with powerful branches and thick snags can equally be called both an aquaterrarium and a terrarium.
When it comes to the size of the terrarium needed to contain one land lizard of one species or another, many foreign terrariums adhere to the scheme that when the length of the agama from the tip of the muzzle to the base of the tail is taken as X, the dimensions of the terrarium (length width height) are calculated by the formula 5X 4X 3X. Thus, for the maintenance of one adult bearded agama (Pogona vitticeps), according to the calculation, a container with dimensions of the order of 125 cm 100 cm 75 cm is needed, which in principle seems quite logical, based on the mobility of these active lizards. However, such a judgment does not always arouse understanding among domestic terrarium workers, which is primarily determined by their own living conditions. Accustomed to living in typical post-Soviet apartments, many are simply not able to place a terrarium of such dimensions at home. It’s no wonder that sometimes terrariums are chosen according to the “just climbed in” principle, and this is understood not as the maximum dimensions that can be squeezed into the interior of the room, but the minimum dimensions in which, according to the amateur, the lizard will be comfortable. And comfortable in an enclosure that barely allows the reptile to lie down, stretching its tail, only diagonally, will not be obvious. By the way, it should be remembered that the maximum size declared for individuals of one species or another is achievable only with the growth and development of the animal in conditions that do not hamper movement, and this should also be taken into account when choosing a terrarium for an agama.
Glass is used as materials in the manufacture of terrariums, the use of plexiglass is extremely undesirable, since the fingers of lizards equipped with sharp claws will very quickly decorate the walls of such a terrarium with deep scratch patterns. When keeping desert species, a terrarium can also be made of wood (plywood or chipboard), however, wooden surfaces should be covered with a layer of moisture-resistant non-toxic varnish for interior use (for example, acrylic), otherwise porous walls can cause a lot of trouble if the terrarium is disinfected.