How to equip a terrarium for a land tortoise
For one turtle 6-15 cm long, at least 60 x 40 x 50 cm is necessary, for two turtles or one large tortoise. need a terrarium of 100 (120) x 50 x 50 cm (length x width x height). With an increase in the number of turtles, the size of the terrarium should increase. Typically, the size of the terrarium is calculated based on 2-6 sizes of the turtle (the width of the turtle to the width of the terrarium, the length of the turtle to the length of the terrarium).
Material and shape of the terrarium
Terrarium for a turtle is a short, long and wide enclosed box with ventilation holes.
It is best to use non-toxic impact resistant plastic, which is lightweight and comfortable. Also, as materials, you can use wood, glass, plexiglass. Only the side through which you will deliver the turtle and give it food can be transparent. It is important to note that turtles sometimes do not see glass transparent walls and beat with shell on glass. Then it is better to seal part of the walls with a beautiful terrarium background.
The shape of the terrarium can be in the form of a rectangle or square. It’s convenient when you can open the terrarium by moving the glass from the grooves (as in bookshelves) or by removing the glass attached to the magnets for furniture. The height of the side should be at least 10-20 cm, so that a layer of soil could be poured into the terrarium and the turtle could not get out.
Necessary equipment for a terrarium
– heating lamp (e.g. incandescent lamp 40-60 W)
– reptile UV lamp (10% UVB)
– soil (coarse pebbles, wood chips, sawdust)
– house (half a ceramic pot, house for rodents)
– swimming pool (for tropical species)
– hydrometer (for tropical species)
Where to buy a terrarium?
1. Fenced area, corral on the floor
The temperature of the house should be more than 26 degrees year-round lamp above the pen. A section of the floor in the corner is selected, covered with a piece of linoleum or laminate, enclosed with an open fence. Gravel (hay, sawdust) is poured into the pen, houses, lamps are installed. In such a corral, you can start several land turtles or even large exotic ones. You can enclose with a wooden fence, the height of which should exceed the length of the turtle in 2-3 p.
2. Aquarium glass
A horizontal type aquarium can also be used as a terrarium. It is advisable to take an aquarium for aquatic turtles, which has a place for a UV lamp in the lid and has convenient ventilation holes, but without care.
3. Plastic container (large) or carrying
It has a low cost, large area. It is important to place the lamps correctly and conveniently. It is better to partially close it from above so that the heat does not go away. For little turtles, at first, the carrying, the main thing, will do. manage to place lamps above it, and in it. house. A large container for rodents is a good fit.
4. Wooden box
It has a low cost, large area. It is important to place the lamps correctly and conveniently. It is better if it is closed from 5 sides, and in front it will have glass. A good option. high and wide shelf with sliding glass. Do not forget about ventilation holes and lamps. It is better to cover the wooden bottom in advance with plastic or laminate.
Here you have to try and drill the ventilation holes and attach the lamps. The shelf should be wide enough and high so that the turtle does not get burned.
The location of the terrarium, as well as the number of turtles that will live in it, must be selected in advance. It is better to count on 2 individuals, in addition, we must remember that turtles grow, so the terrarium should be "on growth."
The best room for them is the north side or a dark room. The fact is that the bright sun, penetrating into the room, heats the terrariums closed on all sides so strongly that the ventilation openings that are provided for by the design cannot resist overheating. The temperature in the terrarium can rise to 40 ° C, which threatens death for many animals. For the same reason, you can not use attics and attics to place terrariums. Even air conditioning cannot save rooms from overheating.
Owners of cottages can be recommended to use semi-basement or basement facilities to house the collection, but with good hydro and thermal insulation. Otherwise, during floods or after heavy rains, you will have to deal with pumping water out of the cellars.
A place for a terrarium can be found even in a small room: in a small wall, near a deaf door, on a wall (with a small mass of the structure). However, it is not recommended to combine terrariums, especially wet ones, with television or other equipment and computers. Water accidentally entering them can damage them or cause a fire.
The easiest way to place one terrarium. If there are several, you will have to make a rack. The material from which it is made depends on the size and type of the terrarium. If it is small, then wooden structures are quite suitable, otherwise you will have to use a steel corner or a rectangular pipe. Cold-loving species are placed on the lower shelves, heat-loving on the upper shelves. If necessary, the shelves are additionally insulated with foam sheets. It is better if terrariums for cold-loving and for thermophilic animals are in different rooms.
(based on the book by A. Gurzhiya)
For quarantine, a box (preferably not a cardboard one) or a plastic box is suitable. Nearby, at a height of about thirty centimeters, fix a UV lamp (in extreme cases, a table lamp will fit a 60-watt incandescent light bulb) so that it illuminates half the area of the box. On the other half, you can sprinkle more sawdust or lay a bunch of hay so that the turtle can dig into it. Important note: the room where this box will be standing should be warm (20-22 C).
Ventilation and climate
Ventilation holes in the terrarium should be at the top and either on the sides or below. For heating in tortoise terrariums usually do not use thermal cords and thermal rugs, but use an incandescent lamp up to 60 watts. Bottom heating can be harmful to the kidneys.
An incandescent lamp is located in one corner and forms a warm zone where the turtle warms up and takes food, and a tropical bathing place is placed for tropical turtles. In the opposite corner, where the light of the lamps does not reach, there will be a cool zone, there you need to install a house. Usually in a warm corner, the temperature should be about 30-32 C, and in a cold one. 25-28 C.