- Terrarium Dimensions
- The appearance of the terrarium and the material of manufacture
- Terrarium Lighting and Climate
- Terrarium primer
- Place for feeding
Often, already having such a pet as a land tortoise in their house, owners begin to think about housing for their pet. But the best option would be to ask how to equip a terrarium for a land tortoise before buying a reptile. This is what will be discussed in our article today. And about the care of the Central Asian land tortoise, we wrote in this article.
First of all, it should be understood that the myth that turtles are inactive and remain in the same place all the time remains a myth. In reality, land turtles are quite mobile and in the wild they are happy to overcome not small distances.
Guided by the behavior of land turtles in the wild, you should choose the size of the cage for a domestic turtle. Terrarium for a land tortoise should allow reptiles to move freely, which means its size must be substantial.
Of course, the size of the terrarium primarily depends on the size of your pet, but the general rule for all turtles suggests that the terrarium for a land tortoise should exceed the size of the reptile at least 3-6 times.
You should also understand the obligatory presence of a terrarium for a land tortoise, and the exclusion of the option of keeping a reptile, allowing it free movement around the house or apartment. If you let the turtle go for a walk around the apartment, then do not take your eyes off it at this time. Make sure there are no drafts and a cold floor in the place where the turtle is planned to walk. These animals are prone to colds. Do not leave your pet free to walk around the house for a long time, thereby exposing it to various dangers. The turtle can get stuck in the opening of furniture or hit someone under the feet.
The appearance of the terrarium and the material of manufacture
As a material for the manufacture of a terrarium, plexiglas, ordinary thick glass or non-toxic plastic are most often used. Breeders love to watch their pets and therefore the terrarium is most often made completely transparent. This can lead to the fact that the turtle, not noticing the obstacles, beats against the walls of its home with his head. If you are faced with this situation, then the walls of the terrarium are best painted or decorated.
Outwardly, the terrarium resembles a transparent box of square or, most often, rectangular shape. The terrarium must be tightly closed to prevent pets from escaping and have ventilation openings.
Experienced breeders recommend purchasing a terrarium with sliding or opening front doors. This design is the most convenient and provides access to the entire space of the terrarium for its high-quality cleaning.
Terrarium Lighting and Climate
An ultraviolet lamp contributes to the production of vitamin D3, as well as the formation of a durable carapace for a pet. It is recommended to turn on such a lamp once a day for 1-2 hours.
The optimum temperature in a terrarium is considered to be from 25 to 30 during the daytime and from 22 to 26 at night. As mentioned above, the temperature in different places of your pet’s home should be different so that the reptile itself can choose a zone that is most comfortable for itself at the moment. Near the incandescent lamp, it is recommended to install a bathtub for bathing the turtle, in the opposite side of the terrarium there is a house.
One of the important elements of a terrarium for a land tortoise is the substrate. There are ready-made primers and specialized fillers for turtles, as well as a lot of tips on how to prepare a quality substrate with your own hands. There is an opinion on the net that dry hay is not a bad filler for the terrarium. We hasten to dispel this theory, because the use of dry twigs is quite capable of causing significant harm to your pet, so the use of hay as a substrate for a turtle is not recommended.
The second common filler is sand mixed with other elements. Most experts do not recommend using sand as a filler for the tortoise terrarium. This is due to the fact that the turtle can swallow particles of sand, and grains of sand, in turn, clog the internal organs of the reptile. Which can lead to a pet’s disease and even death.
The most common, safe and comfortable turtle filler will be a mixture of soil with coconut. The last element will make the soil more loose, and also help retain moisture.
The correct filler for the terrarium will have several layers, namely:
- The first layer from the bottom is a film whose task is not to let reptile’s waste products go to the bottom of the terrarium, thereby avoiding its pollution.
- The second layer is a regular bath mat with holes made in it. The task of this ball is to pass excess moisture through the holes on the film. The rug should be well fixed, so that while digging a hole for itself, the turtle does not move it to another place or burrows itself under it.
- The last ball will be the most voluminous and will consist of the substrate itself. soil and coconut.
After laying the soil, it is imperative to make sure that there are no sharp objects, stones or other things in it that can harm the pet. The soil must be changed regularly to prevent contamination of the terrarium.
Place for feeding
Terrarium for land tortoise should be equipped with a special feeding place. It is best to foresee this place at the stage of soil formation. Bury a small bowl in which you will subsequently put food. Fasten the bowl so that your pet cannot move it and make sure that such a turtle feeder is comfortable.
Many novice breeders place a turtle bowl next to the feeder. Do not do this, your pet will have enough of a bath in which the turtle will bathe and drink water during bathing. over, the reptile drinks not only with its mouth, but also absorbs moisture with its entire body.
After you have prepared the terrarium for the land tortoise, carefully examine the future home of your pet again. Make sure that all items are securely fastened and your new friend will not be able to accidentally harm himself.
In the future, as you recognize your pet and its needs, most likely you will have to change something in the terrarium, do not be afraid to do this. Everything must be done in the turtle house so that your pet is comfortable there.
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