There are a lot of lovers of exotic animals, and their number is only increasing. That is why various lizards are quite common inhabitants of home terrariums. The unpretentiousness of these animals does not mean at all that there are no features in their content. On the contrary, when selecting or creating a room "house" for these reptiles, many significant factors must be taken into account.
Dimensions and shapes of terrariums
Science knows over 3,500 species of lizards. Of course, not all species are kept at home. It must be understood that for representatives of each species of lizards, it is necessary to choose a "dwelling" in accordance with the size of the animal.
There are certain rules for selecting a terrarium for each specific species and size of scaly reptiles.
- For example, for wood lizards you need to build such a "house", where the height of the walls will be equal to the double length of the animal. Least.
- Approximately the same formula is suitable for land running lizards, but only a 1: 2 ratio applies to width and length. In the sense that the length of the terrarium should be equal to twice the length of the pet, and the width. one length.
As a material, you can use
- ordinary glass
- organic acrylic glass.
When choosing one or another option, it is necessary to take into account a number of features:
- ordinary glass is quite fragile and difficult to work with;
- clear plastic is a soft material that remains visible scratches from the claws of nimble reptiles.
Depending on the size of the home lizard, terrariums are made either in a frameless version (for a small reptile), or they are a frame structure if a large lizard requires significant space.
Frame. The walls and bottom of the terrarium are connected to each other using aquarium silicone glue, which is safe for animals.
Ventilation. There is an important feature: one wall (or part of the wall) must have openings for ventilation.
They can be easily made in Plexiglas, but there is a variant of the wire side wall, which serves not only as a ventilation channel, but also allows active lizards to fit on it.
There is another way: the side walls are made of wooden battens, in the spaces between which a plastic mosquito net is stretched.
Bottom. As a floor for such a terrarium, thick multilayer plywood is used. If the housing for the lizard is constructed from wooden parts, then the size of the reptile should be taken into account.
Cap. As for the cover, the best option is a frequent metal mesh, which provides not only a good overview of the internal space, but also air circulation. There are examples of a compound cover when its glass half is hermetically attached to the walls and the opening part is made of wire mesh.
As a result, the choice of type of construction directly depends on the type of reptile.
Those or other features of the interior decoration and equipment of the house for the animal also depend on the type of lizards.
If the house contains a reptile of the temperate climate zone, then you should monitor the daily temperature changes inside the terrarium:
- during the day it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the range from 20 to 25 degrees,
- and at night you can lower it to 18 ° C.
Tropical reptiles do not need such temperature fluctuations, so you need to establish a constant warm climate: up to 25 degrees, for example. Normal room temperature is fine.
Microclimate. To create the desired microclimate, you can use heating elements in the form of lamps. Of course, such lamps should have safety nets to prevent burns to the paws and muzzle of the animal. In addition, a thermometer is installed inside the terrarium to monitor the temperature.
Humidity should be high enough, so you should carry out daily spraying of internal elements and plants.
Yes, living plants are an excellent part of the interior decoration of a terrarium. Care should be taken, however, so that they are prickly and non-toxic. over, vegetation can be planted directly into the ground.
Bottom organization. As for the soil itself, it can be fine gravel or gravel, as well as coarse sand. If the lizard likes to dig into the soil, then the thickness of the sandy soil should be at least 10 cm.
Decor. The choice of decorative elements also depends on the type of animals.
- For example, a suitable terrarium landscape for the inhabitants of deserts and semi-deserts is sand, stones, caves and grottoes.
- For the maintenance of wood lizards, it is necessary to establish several fragments of trees.
- And if a tropical reptile lives in the house, then a “wet” zone should be created. a small pool where the lizard will bathe.
Lighting. An important issue is the lighting of the terrarium. The fact is that for normal reptile life, ultraviolet radiation is necessary. Lack of ultraviolet radiation can lead to degradation of the skeleton, increasing the fragility of the shell of eggs that females lay. Thus, a UV lamp must also be included in the number of necessary devices for equipping a terrarium.
In principle, making a comfortable and spacious home for a home lizard is not difficult at all. However, before this, one should familiarize oneself with her habits and living conditions in a natural biotope.