- Exotic pets
- Clam Care
- Snail terrarium
The snail is a detached, calm, calm creature. She avoids the hustle and bustle. She is the embodiment of leisureliness and phlegm. And now you can imagine how good it is to return home in the evening after a hectic day, sit by the aquarium and watch relaxedly as a snail crawls slowly, slowly and purposefully on the glass.
They are rightly considered the most unpretentious pets. You can feed them three times a week, clean the terrarium once every two weeks, change the soil once a month. They are fed with fruits and vegetables, herbs, leaf lettuce. Snails do not make noise, smell, are not allergenic, do not carry dirt around the apartment, their shelter. a terrarium. takes up little space in the apartment. In a word, they are completely harmless. They can be left for a long time, leaving on vacation, on a business trip. The length of their body can reach 25 cm, weight. up to 250 grams.
The most active snails are morning and evening, when all households are assembled, and there is the opportunity to observe exotic pets. It is believed that snails serve a kind of antidepressant to humans. Usually, an apartment contains three species of these gastropods: Achatina reticulata. a giant African snail, grape snail (Helix pomatia). its homeland. Central and Southeast Europe, Caracolus. Cuban wood, it is also called snail saucer. However, due to differences in their contents, it is not worth placing different snails in the same terrarium. Even if they need the same temperature and humidity, these mollusks can feel discomfort in the company of each other — they get nervous, hide in the ground, lose their appetite and, accordingly, do not grow.
Before you get snails at home, you need to be well prepared. It is necessary to purchase an aquarium, or rather, a terrarium, which must be equipped accordingly. For this purpose, you will need:
- Soil, consisting of coconut substrate, earth, marsh moss.
- Bath for bathing. it should be made of soft materials. Plastic covers from cans, disposable plates are great.
- Drinking bowl and feeder. plastic, polyethylene.
- Thermometer and hydrometer. to regulate the temperature and humidity in the tank.
- Sponge that does not come in contact with chemical cleaners. for cleaning the house and the shell of snails.
- Sprayer with filtered, settled clean water.
Terrarium should be located in non-blown places, away from the sun. It must be securely secured and protected from attacks by pets. Do not use objects made of hard materials in the terrarium. The snail, having strengthened weakly on the wall, can fall off and damage the shell, injuring itself. Or else die.
The optimal tank size is 15-20 liters. Based on one snail. at least ten liters. It directly depends on the size of its shell. A capacity of 10 liters is suitable for one individual 10 cm in size. that is, for 1 cm of mollusk. 1 liter of free space. If you have several snails contained in one tank, this space can be reduced to 2 \ 3 of the total volume. But do not forget: the larger the terrarium, the better the snail will grow.
But the capacity for the kids should not be too spacious. they can crawl throughout the territory, and, firstly, it will be difficult for them to get to the food in time, which will slow their growth, and secondly, they risk being trampled by adults. In addition, babies need high humidity, which is not easy to maintain in a large capacity. As they grow, they need to be relocated to larger tanks. The terrarium should have a securely closing lid. it helps maintain the desired level of humidity and prevents the escape of mollusks.
When preparing the tank for settlement, you need to remember to ensure that it is properly ventilated in order to maintain a constant level of humidity in it.
Holes for ventilation are made on one wall of the terrarium from above and also on the lid. Do not do them too much, otherwise, some of them will then have to be glued to avoid drafts. The most optimal one row of holes with a diameter of about 5 mm on two sides of the cover. The number of holes can be increased if the humidity in the tank becomes excessive, which leads to waterlogging of the soil. It would be very nice to install a metal mesh instead of a cover.
Snails are inhabitants of the subtropics, and in their home it is important to maintain a moist and warm climate year-round. this is one of the main conditions ensuring the comfortable existence of your pets. And the level of environmental humidity for different types of mollusks varies. So, for example, wood snails are very fond of moisture, for them the increased humidity is acceptable. 80-95%. Achatina can be content with a humidity of 70%. A suitable microclimate in the tank must be maintained by daily spraying from the sprayer with filtered cool water. Before spraying, you should get the clams out of the soil and loosen it. In addition, humidity is maintained by the soil (it should never be dry) and the bath.
If the mollusks are stationary for a long time on the walls of the tank, then an excess of moisture causes discomfort in them. If they hide in the sink, the microclimate in the tank is too dry. In addition, with a lack of moisture in the air, the snails become lethargic, refuse food, burrow into the soil. At night, under normal conditions, they stay awake, crawling along its surface.
Soil in the tank
A variety of loose natural fillers, such as peat or a moss-based mixture that retain moisture for a long time, are also suitable for mollusks, making snails easily buried deep. Such soil is not able to damage the shell of a snail in the fall, but, on the contrary, will soften it. In no case can you use sand and sawdust to create a layer of soil. Sand can scratch the shell, absorb snail mucus and be accidentally swallowed by it, and then settle in the esophagus. Sawdust oxidizes the cornea, due to which a crust of white plaque appears on it soon, which can no longer be removed. The state of the cochlea will gradually deteriorate due to the ingress of particles of the tree into the esophagus, in addition, sawdust has a strong absorbing effect that will act on the mucous membrane of the mollusk.
It is necessary to change or update the soil once every 2-3 months, which is necessary to prevent its infection with parasites, for example, midges can start in the soil due to excess moisture. In this case, the soil must be replaced, before thoroughly washing the terrarium with warm water and soda, and then drying it.
As a rule, snails are well suited room temperature of 23-25 degrees. For Akhatin, who love heat, an auxiliary source is needed. a heater, especially in the autumn-winter months. Do not allow temperature differences, this can harm the mollusks.
To heat the terrariums, thermal cords and heating mats of small power are used, which are placed under the ground on the glass bottom or on the reverse side, but in this case the efficiency of the heater drops sharply. An incandescent lamp (15-60 watts) will come in handy.
Daily feed residues should be cleaned in the terrarium and the walls and lid on both sides should be periodically cleaned. Wet cleaning is done every two weeks (it is possible to use baking soda) with an ordinary sponge, which must be washed after each use. The container must be washed completely when it is substantially contaminated, and this depends on its size and the number of mollusks living in it. Replace the soil with fresh ones, having previously thoroughly washed the container with a sponge without adding cleaning and detergents to the water and thoroughly dried it. The drinking dish and the bath are rinsed with a stream of water from the tap. All items used for shellfish are stored separately. It should be remembered that snails lick everything that comes in their way. In addition, their skin is extremely sensitive. in contact with chemicals, the mollusk can be very burned or poisoned and die.
But you should not create an unsurpassed design in a terrarium for a snail. After all, it is short-lived: clumsy, clumsy and slow snails, especially large ones, will completely change the landscape in the near future. Snails need a biotope style of aquarium design, which will allow them to feel as if in natural conditions.