- Types of florariums and why size is not the main thing for them
- Stylish games
- Garden without any worries
- Ideal place for flower terrarium
The boring approach to landscaping, as well as the time when plants were exhibited only on the windowsill, are long gone. With the active introduction of green pets in the design of our homes, recognition of their role in the atmosphere and microclimate, not only the assortment of the plants themselves, but also the methods of their use began to expand. Along with new fashion trends, seemingly long-forgotten traditions and floristic techniques have returned. And one of these “relics of the past” is flower terrariums or florariums, which again become fashionable and in demand. This is a special way to use plants in the interior, originally from the Victorian era, which has long gone beyond the design of dining rooms.
Terrariums for flowers and florariums are compositions of plants that can be satisfied with the minimum resources, initially. succulents, planted in a special container made of transparent plastic or glass. Until recently, florariums were perceived, first of all, as capricious and rare cultures placed in glass vessels to create a special microclimate. But today they again regained their former glory. And flower terrariums are again considered more broadly. as single cultures or plant compositions placed in glass containers. miniature landscapes.
Terrariums are used in phytodesign of both home and office interiors. They combine both art, and botany, and floriculture into a single unique complex that literally recreates part of wildlife for your home. It is impossible to overestimate the atmospheric atmosphere of mini-florariums, as well as their large counterparts. They are unique in comfort, in energy, and in the art of attracting attention. A home garden behind glass, or a florarium is a self-sufficient element of landscaping and can either completely replace the collection of living plants, and complement them or play the role of natural decor and luxurious accessory.
Types of florariums and why size is not the main thing for them
The main advantage of terrariums is a special microclimate favorable for growing capricious, requiring a non-standard and difficult to recreate wet environment. High humidity, complete protection against drafts and temperature surges. a truly tropical environment that will appeal to greenhouse and indoor exotics. But terrariums are actually different in their conditions, being divided into compositions of two types:
Dry terrariums, created from succulents and cacti (in the West, designers often call them Victorian compositions). This is the easiest form of flower terrariums to create and maintain. Among them there are mountain and desert landscapes, minimalistic florariums with a single succulent and with more complex compositions.
Wet or tropical terrariums, designed for moody and hygrophilous plants. They can be monotypic. for flowering plants or forest (imitate the forest landscape). Sometimes florariums in which special species of plants grow are called in their honor. This is how orchidariums appeared in the flower growers ’dictionary, which grow rare species of orchids (especially species with precious leaves). They are most often equipped with life support systems, since orchids need automatic watering, the effect of lowering night temperatures, and stable humidity.
over, you can create one and the other type of composition literally in the same container. Everything will depend only on the soil, plants and care.
There are florariums and size. Of course, even today in offices and large houses they create flower showcases. large constructions arranged on the windowsill in the form of a glass box, the two sides of which are replaced by glass and the windowsill itself, or even more complex giant terrariums, more like separate rooms behind glass that divide the space ( huge "aquariums for plants"). All of them create a complex ecosystem of dozens of plants and with specific conditions, which can be called a garden behind glass, or a piece of wildlife enclosed in a giant display case.
But flower display cases and such large flower terrariums are more a luxury item than an affordable way to bring a piece of wildlife into your home. But mini-terrariums with plants. they are now at the peak of popularity. Compact, elegant and versatile, always perceived as something exotic, these small islands of wildlife in the interior seem to be enclosed in a glass mini-garden, luxurious little decoration and an amazing miracle. And the smaller the vessel with plants, the more touching the florarium seems. The pleasure of contemplating mini-terrariums is no less than that of admiring any colorful garden behind glass. And it is suitable even for the tiniest rooms.
Terrariums are also very different in terms of decorativeness. Some are peculiar oases of nature in the house, imitating wild landscapes. Others have a completely different goal. to achieve stylistic expressiveness and greater decorativeness, rather than authenticity. From a stylistic point of view, florariums are:
- decorative, in which various accessories and the plants themselves serve to achieve maximum effectiveness and in which lines, color, style and shape are no less important than plants;
- natural, imitating natural landscapes and typical combinations of plants; in such florariums they embody whole mountain, forest or desert landscapes or their fragments.
Garden without any worries
A common feature for all types of flower terrariums is ease of care. Even the most moody cultures in them require only minimal care.
Indoor wet terrariums have a particularly strong advantage over outdoor cultivation:
- dust will not get under the glass and there is no need to wipe the leaves;
- moisture does not evaporate, due to which high humidity is maintained by minimal, very rare watering;
- Florariums can safely be left not only for several days, but also for several weeks;
- care comes down to maintaining the cleanliness of the outside of the glass and periodic elementary hygiene procedures.
If the florarium for moisture-loving plants is open, with holes, then the care becomes a little more intense. But he also obeys the rules that turn florariums into one of the best growing methods (caring for plants in a terrarium is still easier than in an ordinary pot):
- Watering is carried out as the soil dries. For succulents, even in summer it is carried out once a week, and for mosses and hygrophilous plants, an automatic watering system can be provided.
- Spraying the leaves is necessary in open mini-terrariums for tropical species, but absolutely not needed for succulent plants.
- The rest of the care comes down to maintaining the cleanliness of the glass, airing completely enclosed terrariums for flowers, removing too long, damaged and dry branches and leaves.
Florariums, with the exception of monocultural ones, do not transplant: as soon as the plants become crowded, they are simply transferred to separate containers or a greenhouse, and a new florarium is created with new “participants”.
Ready-made, from a set or made with your own hands mini-florariums are equally beautiful.
4 essential components of any mini-florarium:
- Capacity, or glass base. She really can be any. From glass round vases to simple bowls and even cans. It all depends on your taste, plant preferences and the desired style. In Victorian terrariums, special glass caps were used that were tightly mounted on a wooden or other base. But today, only authentic vessels assortment of containers for terrariums is not limited. Vases, jars, flasks, decorative containers, large bottles and even aquariums of any size. any glass container can become a refuge for a composition of plants. And for this it is not even necessary that she has at least a small, most often narrowed, hole from above or from the side for air access. For tropical florariums, completely closed options without holes are used, and for others you can always pick up a glass cover.
- Drainage, shredded charcoal or activated carbon (to prevent the spread of mold and bacteria, the absorption of toxins from water and substrate) and soil (most often a mixture of sand and a special high-nutrient substrate for tropical crops and sand or decorative soil for succulent plants).
- Decorative soil, or filler. from pieces of bark to decorative pebbles, stones, aquarium soil, sand, shells and other bulk materials. It is often used not only for the upper decorative layer, but also for interbedding the substrate, replacing drainage.
- The plants you want to grow. For tropical and forest florariums, asparagus, ivy, begonias, calamus, miniature ferns, crotons, selaginella, chamedorea and other plants are used. Other cultures are chosen for desert florariums and mountain landscapes. young plants, different types of cacti, agave, Kalanchoe, adromiscus, malefora, beard, green grass, wild, euphorbia, euphorbia, etc. Perfectly show themselves in florariums and mosses, but it is imperative to provide for them in the design, a container of water to create a moist environment.
- Decorative elements and additions. from corals, stones, moss, branches, cones, dry inflorescences, minerals, shells, ceramic figures to other natural (and not so) decor.
The manufacturing process of the terrarium itself is simple and corresponds to its components: after preparation and disinfection of the tank, it is first filled with drainage and substrate, laying coal either between them or at the bottom, and then completing the creation of a “base” with decorative soil. Plants are planted carefully, after thoroughly washing the roots, into small pits made with any convenient tool. After planting, they are watered or sprayed, and then all the decorative elements of the composition are placed, creating your own mini-garden in a glass vessel.
Ideal place for flower terrarium
Proper placement of the mini-florarium is a whole art. Such compositions should be treated literally as the most catchy decor, placing them in the most prominent and "crown" place. The main landmarks in the arrangement of flower terrariums are favorite places for rest and leisure. Most often (and according to the traditional approach. and almost exclusively), florariums are placed on the dining table and coffee tables. But you can use original solutions:
- place vessels on the wall in a series;
- suspend them like ampels against a wall;
- use hanging vessels as a space divider.