- What is Achatina?
- Types of Achatina
- Achatina snail. care and maintenance at home
- What is an Achatina snail?
- Propagation of snails Achatina
- Interesting facts about Achatina
Now fashionable variety in everything. Classic purple eggplants have turned white, peonies bloom yellow, watermelons take a square shape, and pears take the shape of a Buddha.
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The same fashion penetrated the ranks of pets. Domestic cats are now represented by dozens of breeds, as are domestic dogs. Fish like butterflies have the most fantastic shapes and colors. Scorpions, boas, chameleons now live in our apartments.
Achatina snails, the existence of which we have not even heard of recently, settled in houses instead of domestic hamsters.
What is Achatina?
Achatina are huge land snails living in the tropics and subtropics. Gradually, with the help of people, they spread from Africa to the countries of Southeast Asia with a warm climate. There they took root and multiplied, turning into pests that spoil many young crops, almost completely eating them.
Natural snails are a source of contagious diseases that are dangerous to humans. But Achatina bred at home are harmless, they do not have dangerous viruses.
In Japan, Achatina is bred for consumption. In France, they are also eaten, like grape snails.
In Russia, Achatina are common as pets, they can survive the winter only at home. Snails are widespread, since they reproduce quite simply.
Giant African Achatina snail. structural features
The sizes of these snails reach thirty centimeters, and the shell is 25 cm. The mollusk has a heart, one kidney, lungs, a brain and two eyes. They can breathe in the skin, look at a distance of no more than 1 cm and hear nothing. But the smells feel very good, the entire front surface of the body.
Patterns on the sink vary. In addition, the pattern may vary depending on the nutrition of the mollusks.
Types of Achatina
In nature, more than 100 species of achatite are found. They all have a similar diet, behavior, and need the same care. Below we will tell you how to determine the type of Achatina.
Fulika. A species of giant snail Achatina. This is the most common type of East African snail, because it is very easy to care for. Snails have a beautiful mottled shell and a brown muscular body with characteristic tubercles.
They are slow and like to spend a lot of time in a stationary state.
Reticulate. the second most common species of Achatina snails for home maintenance. The drawing on the sink has stripes and dots, the snail’s leg is dark, almost black with a white border.
Snails are very mobile and curious, often raise their heads to view the surroundings.
Fans breed other types of Achatina: Glutinosis, Immakulyata, Iostoma, Shtulman, Iradeli, Tinkta, Zanzibarika.
They differ in the size, body color of the snail and shell, the shape and color of the stripes on the shell and the shape of the shells.
Achatina snail. care and maintenance at home
Snails have healing properties. It is believed that their meat can treat tuberculosis.
How to contain Achatina?
Many Achatina owners believe that snails can distinguish their owners from other people. Watching Achatina is very pacifying, as is watching fish.
Place the snails in any transparent container so that they are clearly visible. Usually they are kept in a terrarium. One snail should account for 10 liters of terrarium volume. You will read below how to keep snails at home.
The container containing the snails must be covered with a lid with openings for air access. Otherwise, the snail may escape from its house. Getting into an unfavorable environment outside the habitat, it hibernates, and then it is very difficult to find.
Snails do not need bright light; they live in the dusk of the rainforest. Excess light can dry the snail’s body.
To Achatina feel at home in your terrarium, you need to spray the walls from the spray gun 1-2 times a day.
The main thing in the content of Achatina is to monitor the moisture of the soil, it cannot be over-moistened, not over-dried.
Humidity can be controlled by the behavior of Achatina. If they try to get on the terrarium wall, the soil is too wet. If the snails seal the shell and hibernate, then the climate is too dry for them.
This feature of snails to hibernate can be used by leaving the house for a long time during a business trip or vacation. You can wake a pet by holding it under a gentle warm stream of water or by increasing the humidity in the terrarium.
At the bottom of the terrarium there should be soil with a depth of 5-10 cm, so that Achatina can dig into it for laying eggs. The soil is needed loose. For this, ordinary land with the addition of sand, coconut substrate, coniferous bark is suitable.
The litter of Achatina must be changed as it becomes contaminated. The walls of the terrarium should be wiped with a damp cloth once a month.
How to care for Achatina?
In addition to caring for the place of residence of snails, it is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of the mollusks themselves. Akhatin also needs to be washed from time to time. Snails love to be bathed in warm water. After you hold the snail in your hands, you need to wash your hands with soap.
In the terrarium in which the snails live, it is necessary to establish a container with water in which the Achatina can climb themselves and crawl back. It should be a shallow container so that the snails do not drown there. And it must also be heavy so that it does not roll over when the mollusk crawls into it or buries nearby to lay eggs. The water in the container must be changed once a week.
The size to which a snail can grow depends on its type and the size of the terrarium. If it has a large volume, then the snail will grow large.
The greatest activity of achanthins is at night. In the afternoon, they usually sleep in a secluded place. To do this, put stones, driftwood, coconut shells in the terrarium.
It is good if live plants grow in the terrarium. They create a microclimate, secluded places for snails and serve as additional food.
All care consists in changing the water in the container 1 time per week, changing the soil 1 time per month, cleaning the glass of the terrarium 1 time in 3 months.
What is an Achatina snail?
Snails move slowly. It is clear that they feed on what gets in their way. It is advisable that fresh greens are constantly located near the mollusk. Snails can be planted in small pieces of any vegetables and fruits that their owners eat.
Like shellfish eat greens. Salads and cucumbers feed them year-round. Vegetables, fruits, herbs, champignons. all this goes to their food. In summer, you need to add wild-growing grass: plantain, dandelion, clover.
There are times when snails get used to certain foods and refuse to eat another. For example, bananas and cucumbers. Therefore, it is desirable to diversify their menu so as not to be addictive.
Snails have different taste preferences. Someone recommends feeding them once every 2 days, someone recommends keeping food constantly in the terrarium.
When consuming brightly colored food. carrots, sweet peppers, the shell of snails also acquires a bright color.
In addition to plant foods, snails need calcium to maintain and grow shells. In hot countries, they eat whitewash from houses in rural areas. In home care, for the growth and strengthening of the shell of a snail, they eat mineral stone or ground egg shells. The shells of quail eggs they eat are not crushed, these shells are much more tender than chicken ones. You can put a piece of limestone in the terrarium.
What you can not feed snails Achatina:
- salt and products containing it;
- citrus fruits;
It is unacceptable to feed Achatina snails with the remnants of human food and even more so give them fried, pickled, smoked and sweet.
Do not follow the advice that says that the snail can be fed once a week. With this kind of nutrition, they will slowly grow and often hibernate. Herbivorous animals, including Achatina, should eat constantly, since plant foods are not very nutritious and poorly processed. If the snail did not like the food, and she did not touch it, just remove it from the terrarium.
Snails drink water, licking small droplets of water from the walls of the terrarium. Therefore, they must be covered from time to time with water from a spray bottle.
It is good to arrange a small pond with water in the terrarium, but of such depth that the snails do not drown. They don’t know how to swim, but they can spend some time under water.
Propagation of snails Achatina
Snails live for a long time, up to 10 years. Begin to breed from six months of age. One Achatina in her life can lay up to 100,000 eggs. Such productivity is used to organize commercial snail breeding farms. After all, France buys them for millions of dollars for consumption. But, how, to breed Achatina?
Achatina breed in captivity without problems. These mollusks are hermaphrodites, that is, they can reproduce by self-fertilization in a small population. But if there are several individuals in the terrarium, then you can observe the mating dances of snails.
A larger snail acts as a female. Young snails can only perform the functions of males.
An interesting and unusual feature of achantine is the training masonry. Young snails, reaching 6-8 months, lay clutches of 10-15 unfertilized eggs, as if training for true reproduction.
After a single mating, the snail can lay masonry with fertilized eggs more than 10 times, doing this 6 times a year. Sperm cells remain in the body of the cochlea alive for more than 2 years, constantly fertilizing growing eggs.
1-2 weeks after fertilization, the snail digs a mink in the ground and lays several hundred light eggs. After 1-3 weeks, small snails 5 mm long hatch.
Attention should be paid to feeding small Achatina. There were times when babies died by sticking to a large piece of banana.
It is necessary to clean the terrarium with masonry without using water, so as not to change the humidity at the location of the masonry. Small snails are best kept in a separate terrarium without soil. Instead, the bottom of the terrarium is better to send leaves of cabbage or lettuce.
Interesting facts about Achatina
Their behavior has many nice habits; they become attached to the owner and distinguish him from other people.
- Snails are very unpretentious in maintenance. They do not cause allergies, do not make noise.
- A snail does little to its owner. You don’t need to walk with her daily, don’t have to spend money on upkeep, she will not chew on slippers, pee under the chair.
- It is interesting to watch her, especially when she is swimming. Many owners claim that they recognize their owners.
Some female owners claim that snails promote facial rejuvenation. To do this, wash your face and plant a snail. Moving over the face, the snail massages it. The mucus released must be uniformly applied to the entire face and held for several minutes.