This is a very species-rich (over 700) family from the Lizard suborder. No other group of modern lizards has such a motley “bouquet” of shapes, differences in body structure, lifestyles (forest, shrub, mountain, rock, desert, steppe, semi-aquatic species). In the fauna of the CIS, there are no iguanas in nature, many of them are kept in apartment terrariums as exotic. Egg-laying in a leathery (“parchment”) shell.
Distributed in Central America, in Costa Rica and Panama.
When the name is mentioned, various legends and myths immediately come to mind; when contemplating an animal, one cannot help but recall the Mesozoic dinosaurs. Everything is original in this large lizard, up to 80 cm long. Basilisks differ from other iguanas in the presence of peculiar leathery ornaments in males, giving them an unusual, fabulous look. On the back of the head there is a protrusion in the form of a helmet, on the back there is a high ribbed crest. Its color is bright green. This tree-lizard can do a lot. Here is how a prominent herpetologist A. Carr describes the ability of a basilisk to run on the surface of the water: “It was a basilisk. green as a salad, with bright eyes, male about 14 inches long. losing his balance, he fell into a black river with a stone, immediately plunged into the water, but after a moment he found himself on the surface and ran through the water. He carried his front paws in front of him, his tail bent upward, and with his hind legs he pounded the surface of the water with the speed of a machine gun. Before we could figure out how he was doing this, the basilisk reached the land, climbed ashore and scurried through the branches. "
For the basilisk, a spacious vertical-type terrarium with a pool, with abundant landscaping and daily spraying is suitable. Humidity should be at the "tropical" level. 80-95%. The temperature during the day is 28-33 ° C, at night 16-20 ° C. Basilisk is fed with small fish, mice, large insects, soft juicy fruits (banana, orange, grapefruit, pulp of sweet pears and apples, grapes).
Basilisk eggs mate and lay at any time of the year. Incubation at a temperature of 30 ° C and a relative humidity of 100% passes in 50-70 days.
Basilisk ordinary and basilisk striped.
The air temperature for an ordinary basilisk is recommended in slightly different values: during the day 24-30 ° C, at night around 24 ° C.
Anolis is red-necked, or North American red-necked, or Caroline.
Anoles. genus iguanas, numbering about 300 species. almost a third of all known representatives of this family. Most species are characterized by a triangular, widened behind the head, slender body and four well-developed legs, of which the hind legs are noticeably longer. The tail is long, thinning. In males of most species, the skin of the throat grows in the form of a fan-shaped throat sac, which is often brightly colored in hot colors (yellow, red, orange). On the lower surface of the fingers there are special plates with transverse rows of brushes from the smallest hook-shaped hairs. Thanks to this device, anoles, like geckos, are excellently held on smooth vertical surfaces. Under the influence of the environment or with nervous excitement, the color can change very quickly. Most species are arboreal, some settle on buildings or live on land.
Males are very aggressive towards each other.
Anoles are common on the American continent, especially a lot of them in the Caribbean. Some species fearlessly endure the human neighborhood and have become just as characteristic living decorations of cities and villages as, say, our sparrows. Many species of anolis have become favorites of our terrariums.
Red-necked Anolis. The most northern representative of the genus, its habitat reaches the north state of North Carolina (USA).
This small lizard up to 20-25 cm in length is highly variable: you can observe various shades of yellow, brown, green on top and brown or silver below. The throat sac of males is highly developed, it is painted in a bright red color.
Leads a tree lifestyle. Like all anoles, red-necked. oviparous. During the season, several clutches are made, the eggs burrow into the ground.
Terrarium for anolyse vertical type with abundant landscaping. The temperature of the content is 22-26 ° C. They also like an additional temporary increase in temperature. Relative humidity 60-70%. Periodic spraying is required. Anoles are fed with a variety of insects, juicy pulp of fruits, various berries. In the terrarium, anolis reproduces relatively willingly. The female makes 2-3 clutches of 1-2 eggs in any month of the year. Incubation at a temperature of 28-30 ° C takes place in 25-90 days.
Barbados, striped, decorated and many other species of this genus iguanas.
The details of the content differ mainly in a slight difference in temperature and air humidity. Note that for maintenance without planning subsequent breeding, a spacing of temperatures of 2-5 ° C and humidity of 5-10% is not of fundamental importance.
The genus of fences, or prickly iguanas, has over 100 species. Fence iguanas. the largest group of North American lizards, which is distributed from Canada to Panama. Iguanas of this genus are very diverse in color, adaptive features to the environment. Many of them are contained in our terrariums.
A typical representative is a small-sized iguana fence. Her head is massive, short, with a noticeable extension at the back. Large ribbed scales at the posterior margin are loose against the body. Each flake is provided with an upturned spine at the end, especially noticeable on the tail flakes. The general warehouse of appearance resembles our fast lizard. During the breeding season, the males show a brightly colored torso, exposing the blue-green stripes and eyes on the sides.
The fence iguana lives in various dry places, in stone semi-deserts, dry shrubbery. Often settles on fences made of stones and in live shrub hedges. hence the name.
Terrarium for the maintenance of the fence iguana. horizontal type, decorated with vertically placed stone flagstone. Priming. a mixture of sand and pebbles. Air temperature 22-30 ° C, on the "hot spot". up to 36 ° C. Humidity 10-20%. Illumination is high. Food for iguanas: various insects, mice, juicy greens. Mating at the fence iguana is observed in autumn and spring. After 5-8 months of pregnancy, the female gives birth to 3 to 16 young ones. In similar conditions, an egg-laying iguana contains eastern fence. During the season, females of this species lay 4-12 eggs 1-3 times 1-3 times. Incubation at a temperature of 25-30 ° C takes place in 35-41 days.
Toad-like, or horned lizards.
A very peculiar genus of iguanas, numbering about 20 species, living mainly in Mexico and in the southwestern United States.
They are recognized by their flat disc-shaped ("frog-shaped") body, very short tail and the development of long horny protrusions on their heads. Horns, their size and shape are different for each species. The whole body is decorated with overgrown spines.
The toad-shaped horned lizard inhabits deserts and semi-deserts. On loose sand, these slow iguanas are able to quickly dig into the sand, using the head as a ram. It feeds on small insects and spiders.
The terrarium for this species and most other horizontal toad-shaped lizards should be with a thick layer of fine sand (up to 10 cm). Moistening the bottom soil. The temperature of dry air is necessarily 28-30 ° C and 15-20 ° C at night. They are fed with crickets and other insects.
She lives mainly on tree branches in dense, deciduous deciduous forests growing off the coast. This gives her the advantage that in case of danger, she can always jump into the water. She can also jump to the ground from a height of several meters in order to escape from her pursuer. Adult iguana. impressive sight. Its length is more than two meters, but almost three-quarters of this length falls on a thin, pointed tail. Under the powerful chin hangs a slightly flattened lateral throat sac, which is especially pronounced in males. Spines stretch along the back in one row, which seem dangerous, but in fact they are flexible and harmless. The danger comes from strong, powerful claws, which, however, never float as a means of aggression. But nature made them so sharp that even with light contact, they can easily tear the skin.
Before the iguana grows, it takes several years. In terrariums, it is almost always smaller than its normal height. With age, she becomes more and more like a primitive dragon, but at the same time remains attractive and friendly.
They quickly get used to the person, become meek and trusting. After they have mastered the new conditions, they can be fed from the hands and taken from the terrarium so that they can crawl on the shoulders and arms of their “guardian,” whom they obviously recognize and recognize. In their youth, green iguanas consume mixed foods: along with vegetable iguanas, they also need animals (insects, pieces of meat, in extreme cases, flour worms). But the older they get, the more they tend to green food (salad, vegetables, fruits, all kinds of forest herbs), to which small pieces of meat should sometimes be added. Food to which vitamins and calcium should be regularly added should be served in a heavy, massive bowl.
If you do not pay attention to the fact that the iguana’s claws often leave strong scratches on the skin when you forget to put on mittens, then the green iguana is an example of positive qualities. And the fact that in the adult state the green iguana is a large enough animal is not his fault. Just a fact that you need to carefully weigh before buying an animal. When installing an iguana home, it must be borne in mind that the animal is constantly increasing in size. For the first time, one iguana, or rather a couple, should be placed in a heated standard terrarium, but then a more spacious dwelling should be built. This dwelling should be as tall as possible, and there should be a well-established tree with a large number of branches on which to crawl. In addition, this dwelling should have a small pool.
Every day you need to spray the iguana and her home with warm water in order to bring the climate in her home as accurately as possible to the climate of a warm, humid rainforest.