If at the word. terrarium, you have associations with a glass box full of snakes or spiders, then. in principle, you are not mistaken. However, there are also vegetable terrariums, the microclimate of which allows you to comfortably contain many capricious tropical plants. And just such terrariums. simple and easy to maintain, decoration of a summer residence and not only.
In the following days, you will need to carefully monitor the walls of the bottle to check for the formation of precious condensate. The bottle will be reopened for maintenance, for example, for cleaning internal walls or trimming, as well as for a monthly surge of water to renew plants.
In order to decorate the cottage with a vegetable terrarium, you do not have to buy a large glass aquarium in which you can create a whole garden of tropical plants. Variants of today’s article are much simpler and small glass containers, for example, cans of an unusual shape or elegant glassware, are suitable for their implementation.
Decorative sand 3 different colors. Decorative wire for hanging terraces. The idea is to create various suspended minerals with mining, a variety as rare as fascinating, since they don’t need land or water.
In nature, sowing plants grow intersecting with other plants, but it is surprising that they can grow on stones, moss, sand or other dry soils. The roots serve only as a support, as they literally feed on air through the leaves.
How to build a terrarium with maydans
He puts sand in layers, one color at a time. White stone is added, and staves will be placed above it. Finally, tie the wire to the glass ball. Even those who don’t have a green finger can have fun creating a beautiful cactus terrarium, because, as you know, succulent plants. these are plants that do not need much care.
So, what, in fact, is a terrarium for plants. Typically, this is a closed glass vessel with drainage and soil, in which a very humid microclimate is maintained. Plants located in terrariums practically do not require watering. For their comfortable existence, initially moist soil and periodic ventilation are sufficient.
There are many types of succulents: small, medium, large, with different shapes and colors. It is your aesthetic sense to choose the one that best suits your home. Even the cost is usually low, so you can go for the purchase of one, two, three, four or even five seedlings.
The sizes of mini terrariums can be very different, it depends entirely on your imagination and the presence of glass containers of interesting and unusual shapes. At the same time, terrariums can be either closed or open, in accordance with the requirements of certain plants.
Plants for a terrarium
The best option for keeping in a terrarium would be the so-called plants. succulents.
Terraria, as a rule, belong to the “natural terrarium”, which often accurately reproduces the biotope of the placed animal, or the “semi-terrarium terrarium”, which consists of simple and important elements, such as the den, water basin and substrate. The natural terrarium is especially valuable from an aesthetic point of view, but needs daily care and maintenance. The semi-rigid terrarium, although less scenic, is easy to maintain and less susceptible to pathogens.
In relation to the host animal, the terrarium can be made of different materials. Glass is very suitable for reptiles and small amphibians. It is easy to clean and have a good aesthetics. Wood is mainly used for terraces. By naturally retaining heat, this material is not easy to sanitize. Chameleons are often placed in a networked, easily erasable, and easily portable teak. On the other hand, iguanas and large sauris take refuge in metal terraria. Regardless of the material, the terrarium, it should provide a good air exchange.
For reference: Succulents. plants with special fabrics for water supply. As a rule, they grow in places with an arid climate.
These plants store moisture in their fleshy leaves and due to this they endure harsh life in the desert regions of the planet. However, not all succulents are suitable for keeping in mini terrariums because of their large size.
Thus, it does not form moisture and reduces the risk of pathogenic attacks. Ideal environment for turtles. it is a garden, but in winter it may be necessary to transfer them to the terrarium. There are different sizes and materials on the market, but if you are looking for an inexpensive solution, you can customize it, and possibly build it yourself.
However, due to slow growth and, as a result. longevity, a terrarium created from young plants will be able to serve as a decoration for your cottage for quite a long time.
To install a mini terrarium, you need to stock up on drainage and soil suitable for those plants that you plan to plant. Well, if the soil is more or less clear. it should be very light and hygroscopic, it is worth paying special attention to drainage.
To keep your terrarium healthy, you have to get it, even from charcoal. It is important to think carefully if you want to create an indoor or outdoor terrarium. In fact, we must not forget that the plants that we are going to include have real environmental needs. If your terrarium is completed by sunny loving plants, then it should be open. However, if you are planning plants suitable for wet environments, you can opt for an indoor terrarium. Before you start working, you need to thoroughly clean the container to avoid the spread of dangerous bacteria, and then start setting up your terrarium by placing a light layer of coal on the bottom of your container.
Drainage for a glass terrarium should be chosen according to the principle of beauty, which means that simple brick chips or expanded clay are not appropriate here. After all, in a glass jar, each layer will be visible, therefore it is worth not stingy and get a beautiful and aesthetic drainage.
To push it so that the ground stays cool. A) Place charcoal on various types of sand or substrate. Try to get a colossal effect bell. Then add to the ground, remembering the creation of holes to fix the roots of your plants. When you are going to arrange plants in the ground, try to place the largest in the center, and the smallest. place in the peripheral zone. Do not overfill your terrarium: leave space to place other decorative elements.
You can choose dry flowers, moss, a little geodesy or you can choose a solution for covering the ground. A terrarium usually consists of a glass or plastic container that is waterproof and therefore capable of preventing water spills. A terririum, open or closed, must always allow a certain amount of air. For our purposes, ordinary aquariums can be earthly goods, which, with proper adaptation, meet all the basic requirements. Many types of aquariums, from economical to extremely expensive models, most of which, nevertheless, are “already” equipped with special tools for filtering, recycling water and heating.
Plants for mini terrariums
In the photo at the very beginning of the article, the composition used ordinary Irish moss. To create such a composition, pour any beautiful fraction of drainage into a jar of interesting shape. Take the top layer as a component for cacti or ordinary turf.
After filling the layers with a pair of tweezers with cotton, gently wipe the walls inside.
Carefully remove the moss together with the soil layer on which it grew and place it in a jar using long tweezers. Pre-moisten all layers. Close the lids and set in a bright place.
For our use, these systems are obviously useless as well as expensive; You need to "get a simple aquarium." Fundamentally to the terrarium and lighting: if you decide to drive it out of the house, perhaps on the terrace or in front of the window facing south, there are no big problems. natural light is enough. However, if you decide to place it, perhaps even in a small area, then an adequate artificial lighting system is of paramount importance. Many aquariums are already equipped with a lighting system, but can often be insufficient.
"Ground cultivation" does not necessarily mean "necessarily" growing an aquarium, there may be other existing structures for this purpose, and in any case it can be very interesting to build a terrarium in person. Standardized aquarium measures can sometimes impede the cultivation of particularly large plants.
Tip: If moisture drops appear on the walls of the mini terrarium, simply open the lid for ventilation, as soon as the moisture disappears from the walls, you can close the lid.
Let’s not forget that a terrarium that is properly cared for and well decorated can become interesting and very original furniture. Finally, there are two methods of growing in a terrarium: “natural” cultivation, which recreates the suggestive angle of the original habitat of plants and normal cultivation in pots, is less attractive, but definitely more universal.
In the first case, it should be borne in mind that this solution, of course, facilitates the care of plants, and it is difficult to control the crop itself. In this case, you should prepare a dirt bed as follows. Place a layer of about 1, 5 cm of non-metallic or pearlite gravel. Cover it with a thin layer of shiny or root fibers. After preparing the base coat, pour out the compound, which can usually consist of a mixture of 3 parts peat and 1 part sand. Then we will pour out water with extreme care until it becomes wet.
A very simple option. aquarium plant in a bottle. It can exist without soil, although for aesthetics it can be poured onto the bottom of large river sand, it will also prevent the plant from floating. To prevent water blooming, you can throw one tablet of activated carbon inside and periodically ventilate the container.
After this last operation, it is advisable to wait at least one or two days to ensure that the water is filtered and located uniformly. Once the soil is ready, we can finally plant our plants. This solution, although it may seem unusual, and certainly the best for the true, and Each plant has its own composition and can easily move, rebuild and take care. Here, in fact, various types of harmful forms find an ideal place for growth; Causes serious danger to all plants.
Therefore, it is best to remove all dead leaves, which otherwise can contribute to their formation and act quickly with good fungicide at the earliest signs of occurrence. This is for two main factors: the light spectrum, focused on the red bands of the spectrum, does not provide the full brightness range "of which plants require them to synthesize chlorophyll, and secondly, because" incandescent lamps tend to overheat excessively l the environment. bringing the temperature to harmful values for plants.
Therefore, the choice is necessary for fluorescent lamps, which differ from the first in many aspects: they are “white” lights and therefore provide a range of actions that includes all vegetative functions, overheating is very small; And, by virtue of power, fluorescent lamps are much brighter. There are several models of fluorescent lamps on the market, some of which are specifically designed for cultivation, but, for comparison, the difference is not "distinguishable".
The original version of the mini terrarium of plastic bottles. We select bottles, preferably potters and cut across into two parts. The lower part is about 1/3 of the height of the bottle. We fill it with drainage and moist soil, plant a plant and put on the top of the bottle with a cork.
In case of moisture drops on the walls, unscrew the cork and ventilate until it disappears completely, screw the cork back on.
Let’s look at some of the main plants that can be adapted to a terrarium. The color traps from the first are wonderful Red Access, while in the second they are as green as the rest of the plant, and the dinaki leaves growing in the terrarium tend to stretch and expand much more than the first to get a big “light »Reception area. For many plants, terrestrial cultivation is a must. Plants requiring a special habitat, with a temperate climate, high humidity and low ventilation, must necessarily be cultivated in a terrarium, because these conditions can not always be guaranteed in an uncontrolled environment.
Tip: do not keep mini terrariums in direct sunlight to avoid the formation of condensation.
Options for decorating ideas
An original and fresh solution for decorating the interior. compositions in banks on magnets. Such jars with floral arrangements can easily be attached with magnets to the refrigerator. This is done simply.
Conventional flat tin cans come in handy, neatly open and without sharp edges. Wash the jar and lay the soil for the selected plant. Ideally. colored drainage and some soil.
Create a composition in the plane. Such compact plants as haworthia species or decorative Irish moss are suitable. Next, about half of the can (to hold the soil and the plant) is wrapped with cling film and mounted on a magnet to the same refrigerator.
By the way, you can do the same with spices, very convenient and always at hand. we close the spices with transparent covers with inscriptions and fix them with magnets on a refrigerator or other metal surface in the kitchen. and practical and beautiful!
If you have an old, old-fashioned incandescent lamp of an interesting shape lying around, then you won’t find more interesting ideas for a mini terrarium. Remove the insides, pour the soil, wipe the walls with tweezers with cotton wool, if soiled, and gently plant the plant with tweezers. To plant the plants, pre-wrap the ends of the tweezers with cotton wool so as not to cause damage.
These options differ only in the size and shape of the dishes, care and maintenance depends on the selected plant species.
It’s just that you can create a mini terrarium and decorate a summer house (and even an apartment) with your own hands using unpretentious plants and ordinary glassware at hand, which will look especially harmoniously next to the topiary figures in the house.
This video demonstrates how to make such a mini terrarium.
Truly human imagination has no limits! It would seem that all the hobbies have already been invented, have long been known, and it is rather difficult to offer something new. However, there are such craftsmen who draw their ideas directly from the air. They are able to put in a glass jar no less, and the whole world is small and very pretty.
Of course, we are talking about the world of plants, or rather about an unusual hobby. creating terrariums for representatives of the flora Of course, this hobby is somewhat akin to our usual hobby for indoor plants, but this is not entirely true. Firstly, terrarium for plants should be considered as an autonomous ecosystem in which all plants interact with each other.
The idea of creating an unusual mini-garden came to the mind of Jeff Schneider, art director of James Modern Terrariums (). Throughout his life he was interested in plant life. Unable to grow his favorite flowers on earth, Jeff eventually decided to create his own interpretation of the terrarium using glass containers and minimal plantings. And today, his so-called florariums are widely known throughout the world and create a similar green little world for an original addition home decor you can do it yourself. This is much simpler than it might seem. How to make a terrarium with flowers:
- open or closed glass container of any shape;
- gravel (glass, sea pebbles, decorative stones);
- Activated carbon;
- Suitable indoor plants for the mini-garden. Important: plants should be selected solely depending on the nature of their interaction!
- special flower soil;
- moss (optional).
one. At the bottom of a clean terrarium, gravel should be poured out with a thin layer so that excess water flows there. Small stones create good drainage.
2. Activated carbon is laid out as the next layer, it absorbs harmful organic substances and other bacteria, and prevents the appearance of mold and fungi.
3. If desired, you can add a layer of moss-sphagnum. It is also effective in protecting against mold and mildew and prevents soil from entering the lowest layer, which gives the composition a neat and holistic look.
four. Following is a layer of soil. Important: The soil is selected depending on the preferences of future residents of the terrarium.
five. And the last stage is planting. Please note that only small plants that love moisture are suitable here. All of them should have approximately the same needs for irrigation frequency, importance level and amount of light. In addition, it is important to make sure that the plants complement each other aesthetically. Often succulents are used to create such a mini-garden, and other indoor flowers feel good in not very large containers. begonias, molehills, arrowroots, calatheas, ferns, uzambara violets.
6. For the final design of the florarium, you can use decorative pebbles, dry twigs covered with lichen, acorns, etc.
7. After completion, remove residual soil and sand from the leaves of plants with a soft brush.
So, in a few simple steps, you can easily create an original designer mini-garden with your own hands. One has only to want, and everyone can add a little more life and color to their house with the help of an evergreen little miracle!
do-it-yourself home decor workshops on the site mydreamhome.ru
I wish you creative success!
How to make a terrarium for photo flowers. the following Internet resources were used as a source of photos: