Plants will not only decorate your pet’s artificial house, give it a natural look, but also serve as a good shelter for animals. Even in a terrarium that mimics a dry habitat, you can place several suitable plant specimens, for example, choose something from succulents. But in order to form the appearance of a forest or even a jungle, other representatives of the flora will be required. Plants will create better living conditions for the inhabitants of the vivarium, because they will additionally emit oxygen necessary for respiration and absorb carbon dioxide.
When spraying plants in a terrarium, a natural water cycle occurs inside, and the formation of condensation on the covers simulates precipitation. But you just need to remember that not all plants are suitable for placement in vivariums. No matter how hardy agave, yucca, euphorbia, aloe and other plants with thorns, spikes and sharp villi are pushed into it, this is not worth it. For vivariums, aquaterrariums intended for keeping frogs, newts, small marsh turtles, reptiles, insects, spiders, scorpions and small birds, bromeliads, African violets, and Canadian elodea can be recommended. Hornwort, sagittaria, ludwig, kabomb, wallysneria, water moss and crassulaceus are suitable.
Plants are best rooted in washed river sand, poured directly to the bottom with a layer of 5-7 cm or in pots, covered in half with sand and do not forget to use pebbles for decorating the terrarium. From above, all this can be covered with pebbles, leaves and soil, depending on the requirements of each individual species. If the plants in the vivarium begin to brown or wilt, they should be removed and allowed to recover, if they become ill, replaced with healthy ones. Dried or decayed roots trimmed and cleaned. Keep an eye on the condition of the pots on the surface: clean them from mold in a timely manner, rinse with warm water. On land, you can plant tradescantia, ferns, cyperus, begonia. These plants are resistant to warm, moist air.
Vivariums, as a rule, are containers (most often plastic or glass). If this is not an aquarium, and the walls do not need to withstand a lot of water pressure, they can be made of wood or metal. Although in this case, at least one transparent side is left. Recently, vivariums made of epoxy coated plywood and equipped with sliding glass doors have become popular. Plywood coated with epoxy glue helps to create a natural look, retain heat better than glass or plastic, and can withstand a high degree of humidity.
Vivariums can be cubic, spherical or any other shape. The choice of materials depends on the desired size and weight of the entire ensemble, resistance to high humidity, cost and quality required. The vivarium floor must have sufficient surface area for species living inside. Height can be important for large climbing plants, for trees designed for climbing animals. The width should be large enough to create a sense of depth, and a good view inside.
The most commonly used substrates: ordinary soil, small pebbles, sand, peat, slivers of various trees, mulch, plant fibers (coconut), or combinations thereof. The choice of substrate depends on the needs of plants (type of soil) or animals (if they need to dig galleries), humidity (resistance to mold, water conservation), risks (for example, the risk of absorption of the substrate by animals) and aesthetic aspects. Sterile vivariums are sometimes used to provide a high level of hygiene (especially during quarantine), as a rule, they have a very simple, easily removable substrate (such as paper, fabrics, wood chips and even newspapers). The substrate with a low nutrient medium, but high drainage properties is placed in the upper part. it may be expanded clay or stones that retain moisture without saturating the surface with water.