“Phew, what a charm!” the usual reaction of a person who first saw a giant land snail. These mollusks have recently become very popular pets. Snails do not make noise, do not spoil furniture, do not bite, and you do not need to walk them. Caring for Achatina is also not difficult. They are very interesting, unpretentious and do not cause allergies. As a rule, initial disgust is replaced by interest, which develops into a desire to have this unusual creature in his house.
Watching them becomes a very exciting experience. Particularly surprising is how waves run through the foot of a snail crawling along the transparent wall of the terrarium. these are muscle contractions. Snails eat, like all mollusks, with the help of a tongue dotted with “teeth”. horny spikes. The snail, sitting on the palm of your hand, can tickle them slightly, but it will not do any harm to them. But with solid food, such as vegetables, Achatina with its "grater" cope in a matter of minutes. Giant African snails Achatina reach puberty by 6. 15 months and live up to 5. 6 and even 10 years.
Meet: Achatina snail
Four snail horns. these are her senses. Long horns on the crown. eyes. If the snail wants to take a closer look, these horns can curiously bend at the most unusual angles. True, Achatina cannot boast of sharp vision. Like the rumor, which is absent in mollusks at all. Short horns. organs of smell and taste.
The shell. it is a snail house that protects vital organs.
Achatina are active in the dark, and during the day they usually burrow into the ground and sleep. By the way, if the conditions in the terrarium are unfavorable, Achatina can hide in the sink, “clog” with a cork from the mucus and fall asleep for a long time. This natural feature of snails can be used when leaving on vacation: do not rack your brains on who to leave your pets with. It is enough to remove water and food from the terrarium, and Achatina can sleep in a sealed sink for up to two months without any harm to health. To wake the snail, just pour it with warm water. But it must be borne in mind that after awakening she will be brutally hungry.
How to equip a snail house
Achatina need to be settled in an aquarium or a terrarium with a wall height of at least 40 cm, in which a warm, humid climate is maintained. The necessary air humidity can be created using a spray gun: snails lick off water droplets from the walls and thus get the necessary moisture. The optimum temperature for snails. 25. 28 degrees, but a slight decrease in temperature for Achatina is not critical: at room temperature they are simply less active.
The bottom of the terrarium for keeping the Achatina snail should be covered with a layer of soil from a mixture of peat, sand and humus. Recommended layer thickness. 5. 7 cm. The soil should be sufficiently loose and keep moisture well. Change the soil approximately once a year, but leftover food and excrement should be removed from the aquarium regularly.
What to feed?
To the delight of the owner, Achatina are almost omnivorous. In their natural habitat, they even eat meat. At home, giant snails can be fed vegetables and fruits, cereals, various herbs. clover, plantain, dandelions, sometimes it is necessary to give meat, poultry, fish, egg white. In general, Achatina are absolutely not demanding in food, they can be given bits and pieces of vegetables and fruits, which are usually thrown away. If the snail does not like the food, it simply will not touch it, so poisoning is excluded. However, it is worth remembering that it is strictly forbidden to give the snail pickled, spicy, salty (salt for the snail is fatal!), Sweet, smoked and fried. It is also not advised to feed the snails with any one type of food, since subsequently it can refuse other food. A varied diet. guarantee of your pet’s health.
The color of its shell depends on the diet of Achatina. So, bright vegetables (red bell pepper, carrots, tomatoes) make the shell bright and beautiful. Do not be afraid to overfeed your pet. The snail itself will stop when it is full. Always remove food debris to avoid parasites or Drosophila midges. To water your snails, irrigate the terrarium with water after each feeding. It is necessary to feed the kids every day, but adult individuals completely cost one or two meals a week.
Calcium is vital for young snails for shell growth. School chalk, eggshell or cuttlefish skeleton, the so-called sepia, is suitable as its source. If there is not enough calcium in the diet, snails go on the fact that they begin to "bite" the shells of their relatives or their own.
Changing the soil and washing the entire terrarium is necessary only as they become contaminated, depending on the size of the terrarium and how many snails live there. General cleaning can be carried out once a month. The walls and the inside of the lid can be washed daily or as they become covered with “traces”. The walls are washed with a regular sponge dipped in water, the bowls are rinsed under the tap. All cleaning devices should only be used for snails, they must be stored separately from feed, chemicals, cosmetics, etc.
The terrarium and all fixtures that the snail can reach should be washed in hot water, without soap and any household cleaning products. Snail skin is extremely sensitive. from any chemistry, it can get a serious burn and die, in addition, snails try everything they reach for a tooth, so the use of any detergents can result in poisoning.
Giant african snail. hermaphrodite. However, young individuals are usually males and adults. female. To obtain offspring, it is necessary to settle both small and adult snails in the aquarium.
Achatina eggs are similar to chicken, they are white in color and have a dense shell. The development of embryos is possible at a temperature of 15 degrees and lasts from several hours to 17 days. Newborn snails at first feed on the remnants of their own eggs. Newborn Achatina should not be removed from adults, since without their vital products the babies will die. At first, small snails will live underground, this is normal, you don’t need to dig them out, they themselves will get to the surface when they see fit.